New York, New Haven, and Hartford RR
New Haven New York, and Hartford RR, commonly called the New Haven RR; inc. 1872. Between 1872 and 1920, when dozens of small railroads were completed under the direction of financier John P. Morgan and company president Charles S. Mellen, the railroad's holdings were vastly expanded to include c.2,000 mi (3,220 km) of tracks throughout New England, intercity electric railroads, steamship lines, and public utilities. In 1913, the New Haven faced financial catastrophe, and in 1914 the railroad's operations were investigated by the Interstate Commerce Commission. Hurt by the growth of automobile and truck transportation and by the depression of the 1930s, the New Haven went bankrupt. It prospered during World War II under new management but collapsed in the late 1950s because of unprofitable passenger service. In 1968 the railroad, having been reorganized, merged with the newly formed Penn Central Company.
"New York, New Haven, and Hartford RR." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 26, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/new-york-new-haven-and-hartford-rr
"New York, New Haven, and Hartford RR." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 26, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/new-york-new-haven-and-hartford-rr
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.