Skip to main content

Karamanlis, Costas

Costas Karamanlis (Konstantinos Alexandrou Karamanlis) (kō´stäs kärämänlēs´, kōnstäntē´nōs älĕk´sänŧħōō), 1956–, Greek politician, b. Athens. The nephew of Constantine Karamanlis, he is a lawyer and member of the center-right New Democracy party (ND; founded by his uncle). He was first elected to parliament in 1989 and rose quickly in ND, becoming a member of its central committee in 1993 and party leader in 1997. When ND soundly defeated the ruling Panhellenic Socialist Movement (Pasok) in 2004, Karamanlis became premier. In office, he emphasized fighting political and economic corruption, privatization of some state-run enterprises and job creation, and improving education and other services, but was only partially successful. His government narrowly retained its majority after the 2007 elections, but lost a snap election in 2009 when it was hurt by corruption scandals and a worsening economy. Karamanlis subsequently resigned as ND leader.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Karamanlis, Costas." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 May. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Karamanlis, Costas." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/karamanlis-costas

"Karamanlis, Costas." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved May 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/karamanlis-costas

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.