Gippius, Zinaida Nikolayevna

views updated

Zinaida Nikolayevna Gippius (zēnīē´də nyĬkəlī´əvnə gē´pēŏŏs), pseud. Anton Krainy, 1869–1945, Russian writer. Her St. Petersburg salon was a meeting place (1905–17) for young poets of the symbolist movement. Self-educated, she wrote Dostoyevskian novels, morbid and mystical poetry, and essays. Her best-known poetry appeared in Sobraniye stikhov (1904–10). With her husband, the writer D. S. Merezhkovsky, she emigrated to France after the Bolshevik Revolution. Her name is also spelled Hippius.

See her selected works, ed. by T. Pachmuss (1972); biography by T. Pachmuss (1971).