Skip to main content

Gillard, Julia Eileen

Julia Eileen Gillard (gĬ´lärd), 1961–, Australian political leader, b. Barry, Wales, B.A., LL.B. Univ. of Melbourne 1986. Gillard, who immigrated to Australia with her parents as a young child for health reasons, was active in Labor politics as a college student and worked in industrial law after graduating. From 1996 to 1998 she was an opposition political staff chief in Victoria state. First elected to parliament's lower house in 1998, she served in opposition shadow cabinets from 2001. Allying with Kevin Rudd, she was elected deputy party leader when he won the leadership post in 2006. She served as deputy prime minister and minister for employment and workplace relations, for education, and for social inclusion after the Australian Labor party's victory in 2007. When Prime Minister Rudd suffered a dramatic loss in popularity in 2010, Gillard, aligned with Labor's left wing, challenged him for the party leadership. After he chose to step aside, she succeeded him as prime minister, becoming Australia's first woman prime minister. When she called an early election later in 2010 the Liberal-National coalition won a plurality of seats, but Labor remained in office with the support of independents. She fended off leadership challenges from Rudd in 2012–13 before losing to him in June, 2013, and did not stand for reelection Sept., 2013.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gillard, Julia Eileen." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 24 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Gillard, Julia Eileen." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (April 24, 2019).

"Gillard, Julia Eileen." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.