Cushing, Frank Hamilton
Frank Hamilton Cushing, 1857–1900, American ethnologist, b. North East, Pa. He published his first scientific paper at the age of 17, and at 18 joined the American ethnology bureau at the Smithsonian Institution. In 1879 he was a member of a scientific expedition to the Zuñi pueblo in New Mexico, and he became one of the first anthropologists to live among the people he was studying as a participant observer (1879–84). In 1881 he was initiated into a sacred Zuni society, the Priesthood of the Bow. Cushing also led an archaeological expedition (1895–97) to Key Marco, Fla., which uncovered more than 1,000 prehistoric wooden artifacts. Among his many publications were Outlines of Zuñi Creation Myths (1896) and Zuni Folk Tales (1901).
See selected writings ed. by J. Green (1978), J. Green, ed., Cushing at Zuñi: The Correspondence and Journals of Frank Hamilton Cushing (1990), and P. Kolianos and B. Weisman, ed., The Florida Journals of Frank Hamilton Cushing (2005).
"Cushing, Frank Hamilton." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cushing-frank-hamilton
"Cushing, Frank Hamilton." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cushing-frank-hamilton
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.