Lampl, Hans (1889-1958)

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LAMPL, HANS (1889-1958)

Hans Lampl, an Austrian physician, was born near Vienna on October 15, 1889, and died in Amsterdam on December 1, 1958.

Hans Lampl came from a family of Jewish civil servants. As the classmate, friend, and later the travel companion for Freud's oldest son Martin, he was a regular guest of the family. He studied medicine in Vienna and qualified as a physician in 1914. He was particularly interested in pathology and anatomy, and Freud advised him to specialize in these domains.

In 1920 he was invited to attend the sixth International Congress at The Hague and a year later went to Berlin to begin his analysis with Hanns Sachs, with whom he completed his training analysis. In 1922 he worked as a physician in the Berlin psychoanalytic polyclinic and in early 1926 he became an associate member and later a full member of the German Psychoanalytic Society.

It was in Berlin that he met his future wife, the Dutch physician Jeanne de Groot, who had been analyzed by Sigmund Freudand was working in the polyclinic. After Hitler took power in 1933, they left together for Vienna and were accepted as members of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. In 1934 Lampl became president of the society and in 1935 he was elected treasurer of the Ambulatorium, an outpatient clinic.

In Vienna he collaborated with Sergei Feitelberg on task resolution in experimental physiology with a view to a research project to measure the libido, conducted by Bernfeld and Feitelberg. He also worked at the University of Vienna pharmacology institute until forbidden to do so after the Anschluss.

In 1938 he emigrated with his family to the Netherlands. In Amsterdam he became a member of the Netherlands Psychoanalytic Society and worked there as a training analyst. During World War II and after the disintegration of the society, he continued to train candidates privately. After the war he devoted himself essentially to the foundation of the new Netherlands training institute, becoming president in 1946.

He was killed in a traffic accident on his way to work on December 1, 1958.

Elke MÜhlleitner

See also: Lampl-deGroot, Jeanne; Netherlands.


Lampl, Hans (1940). Einige Analogien in der Verhaltensweise von Vögeln und psychischen Mechanismen beim Menschen, Internationale Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse, 25, 399-408.

Lampl, Hans, and Feitelberg, S. (1935). Methode zur Mes-sung der Wärmetönung an der Grosshirnrinde. Wärmetönung der Grosshirnrinde bei Erregung und Ruhe bzw. Funktionshemmung, Archiv für experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie, 177, 600-613, 726-736.

Mühlleitner, Elke (1992). Biographisches Lexikon der Psychoanalyse (Die Mitglieder der Psychologischen Mittwoch-Gesellschaft und der Wiener Psychoanalytischen Vereinigung 1902-1938. Tübingen: Diskord.