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Jekels (Jekeles), Ludwig (1867-1954)


Ludwig Jekels, an Austrian psychiatrist, was born on August 15, 1867, in Lemberg, Austria, now L'viv, Ukraine, and died on April 13, 1954, in New York.

Jekels (Jekeles until 1903) remained in Lemberg until the end of his secondary studies, and received his baccalaureate in 1885. He went on to study medicine in Vienna and became a doctor of medicine in 1892. In 1897, after five years of training at the Vienna University clinic, he founded an institute for hydrotherapy in Silesia. He then worked as a psychiatrist in Warsaw. In 1905 he returned to Vienna and began psychotherapy with Sigmund Freud. In 1908 he participated in the first congress of the International Psychoanalytical Association in Salzburg.

After 1909 he was often invited to attend meetings of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society, and he became a member in 1910. Jekels attempted to introduce psychoanalysis in Poland and translated Freud into Polish. After the First World War he worked as a training analyst in Vienna. He also presented a number of lectures at the Vienna Academic Association for Medical Psychology. In 1932 he became substitute director of the admissions board of the Vienna Society for Psychoanalysis. In 1934, together with Otto Fenichel, he traveled to Stockholm to help found the Svensk-Finska Psykoanalytiksla Foereningen (Swedish-Finnish Psychoanalytic Association). He returned to Vienna in 1937 but had to leave again in 1938 when Germany annexed Austria.

Passing through Australia, Jekels emigrated to the United States. He settled in New York, where he began working as a psychoanalyst. The New York Psychoanalytic Society made him an honorary member in 1941. He died there in 1954. Jekel's Selected Papers were published in 1952.

Harald Leupold-LÖwenthal

See also: Lehrinstitut der Wiener psychoanalytischen Vereinigung; Poland; Shakespeare and psychoanalysis; Tegel (Schloss Tegel); Wiener psychoanalytishe Vereinigung.


Jekels, Ludwig. (1909). Leczenie psychonewroz za pomoca metody psychoanalitysnej Freuda, tudziez kazuistyka. Med. Kron Lek, Warsaw.

. (1913). Einige Bemerkungen zur Trieblehre. Internationale Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse, 1, 439-443.

. (1914). Der Wendepunkt im Leben Napoleons I. Imago, 3, 313-381.

. (1936). Die psychoanalytische Therapie. Svenska Laekartidn, 33, 1797-1802, 1821-1831.

. (1952). Selected papers. London: Imago Publishing Co.

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