Black, Jeremiah S. (1810–1883)
BLACK, JEREMIAH S. (1810–1883)
Jeremiah S. Black served on the Pennsylvania Supreme Court (1851–1857), as U.S. Attorney General (1857–1860), U.S. Secretary of State (1860–1861), and U.S. Supreme Court reporter (1861–1862). He advised andrew johnson during the early phase of his impeachment, and defended Samuel Tilden's claim to the presidency in the disputed election of 1876. A lifelong Democrat, Black was particularly antagonistic to abolitionists. During the winter of 1860–1861 Black opposed secession and urged President james buchanan to reinforce federal military bases in the South. Buchanan appointed Black to the Supreme Court of the United States, but the senate refused to confirm him.
"Black, Jeremiah S. (1810–1883)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 26, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/black-jeremiah-s-1810-1883
"Black, Jeremiah S. (1810–1883)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Retrieved August 26, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/black-jeremiah-s-1810-1883
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.