Arthur, Chester A. (1830–1886)
ARTHUR, CHESTER A. (1830–1886)
A New York lawyer and politician, Chester Alan Arthur was nominated for vice-president in 1880 to placate the ulysses s. grant or "stalwart" branch of the Republican party. In September 1881 Arthur became President when President james garfield was assassinated. Although his previous political activities had revolved around the New York customs house and the distribution of Republican patronage, as President Arthur supported civil service reform and opposed unnecessary federal expenditures. He was denied the Republican nomination in 1884 by a combination of reformers, who did not trust him, and by party members opposed to any reforms.
Duenecke, Justin D. 1981 The Presidencies of James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur. Lawrence: Regents Press of Kansas.