According to Qurʾanic tradition, in 622 or 623 c.e., after having fallen asleep, the Prophet Muhammad made a voyage (israʾ), known as the Night Journey, from Medina to Jerusalem, straddling a mare named Buraq, which had a woman's head and a peacock's tail.
Arriving at the Rock of Abraham in what is now the Noble Sanctuary (Haram al-Sharif) on the hill known to Jews as the Temple Mount, he tied up Buraq at the wall, which Jews currently refer to as the Wailing Wall and which Muslims call the Wall of Buraq. Muhammad then ascended to the heavens (miʾraj) where God made a revelation to him, and where he prayed together with the prophets and patriarchs. Muslims commemorate the nocturnal ascension of Muhammad on the 27th of the month of Rajab. The revelation associated with it (Surat al-Isra, Sura 17) reads: "Glory be to him who took His slave [Muhammad] on a journey by night, / From the Holy Mosque to the Furthest Mosque, / The precincts of which We have blessed, / That We might show him some of Our signs. / He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing." The al-Aqsa (Furthest) Mosque in the Haram al-Sharif was built to commemorate the Night Journey and named after the reference to "the Furthest Mosque" in the Qurʾanic verse.
SEE ALSO Muhammad.