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marigold

marigold, any plant of the genus Tagetes of the family Asteraceae (aster family), mostly Central and South American herbs cultivated elsewhere as garden flowers. The two common species of marigold, both annuals, are distinguished as African, or Aztec (T. erecta), and French (T. patula) although both are native to Mexico and Guatemala. The African commonly has large yellow or orange flower heads and the strong-scented foliage typical of the genus, but an odorless kind has been developed; the French has smaller flower heads, single or double, usually two tones of yellow or orange and red. Other plants sharing the name marigold include marsh marigold (in the buttercup family), bur marigold, and pot marigold (see calendula). Marigolds are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.

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marigold

mar·i·gold / ˈmariˌgōld/ • n. a plant of the daisy family, typically with yellow, orange, or copper-brown flowers, widely cultivated as an ornamental. Several genera include Tagetes (the French and African marigolds) and Calendula (the common (or pot) marigold). ∎  used in names of other plants with yellow flowers, e.g., marsh marigold. ORIGIN: late Middle English: from the given name Mary + dialect gold.

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marigold

marigold Any of several mostly golden-flowered plants, mainly of the genera Chrysanthemum Tagetes and Calendula, all of the daisy family (Asteraceae/Compositae). Those most commonly cultivated are the French marigold (Tagetes patula) and the African marigold (T. erecta).

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marigold

marigold. Formalized circular floral decoration in Greek architecture, resembling a rosette, but more like a chrysanthemum or marigold, repeated in series, e.g. on the architrave of the north portico of the Erechtheion, Athens.

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marigold

marigold XIV. In early use often pl. marygoulden, marygoldes; f. proper name Mary (presumably with ref. to the Virgin Mary) + (dial.) gold, OE. golde marigold, prob. rel. to GOLD.

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marigold

marigold Pot or common marigold (Calendula officinalis); petals are used as flavouring and colouring, sometimes as a substitute for saffron.

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marigold

marigoldbehold, bold, cold, enfold, fold, foretold, gold, hold, mould (US mold), old, outsold, scold, self-controlled, sold, told, uncontrolled, undersold, unpolled, uphold, withhold, wold •scaffold • tenfold •elevenfold, sevenfold •twelvefold •eightfold, gatefold •threefold • sheepfold • billfold •pinfold • sixfold • manifold •manyfold • twentyfold •blindfold, ninefold •fivefold • fourfold • thousandfold •twofold • hundredfold •centrefold (US centerfold) •millionfold • mangold • marigold •handhold • stranglehold • threshold •freehold • leasehold • copyhold •stronghold • shorthold • household •toehold • foothold • commonhold •cuckold • Leopold • Courtauld •Cotswold •unoiled, unsoiled, unspoiled •shopsoiled •Gould, unschooled •unscheduled • thick-skulled

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