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mango

mango (măng´gō), evergreen tree of the Anacardiaceae (sumac family), native to tropical E Asia and now grown in both hemispheres. The chief species, Mangifera indica, is believed to have been cultivated for about 6,000 years. It was introduced into Brazil by Portuguese colonists. Many horticultural varieties have been developed. The mango tree grows rapidly and may attain a height of 90 ft (27 m) and a spread of 120 ft (37 m). It is densely covered with glossy leaves and bears small, fragrant yellowish or reddish flowers. The fruit, a fleshy drupe, is about 6 in. (15.2 cm) long and has thick greenish to yellowish-red mottled skin, pale yellow to orange-red flesh, and a large seed, the kernel of which is edible when cooked. Mango fruits are luscious, aromatic, and slightly acid. Equivalent in importance to the apple of Europe and N America, they are a vital food source for millions of inhabitants of the tropics. Mangoes are eaten fresh (green or mature), often as a dessert fruit, and are also cooked, dried, and canned. They are used in chutneys, jellies, and jams. The tree is propagated by grafting and budding and to a lesser extent by seed. Mangoes are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

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mango

man·go / ˈmang/ • n. (pl. -oes or -os) 1. a fleshy yellowish-red tropical fruit that is eaten ripe or used green for pickles or chutneys. 2. (also mango tree) the evergreen Indian tree (Mangifera indica) of the cashew family that bears this fruit, widely cultivated in the tropics. 3. a tropical American hummingbird (genus Anthracothorax) that typically has green plumage with purple feathers on the wings, tail, or head. ORIGIN: late 16th cent.: from Portuguese manga, from a Dravidian language.

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mango

mango A fruit, originally of Indo‐Burmese origin and now grown widely throughout the tropics, Mangifera indica. The fruit is ovoid, 3–5 in (75–120 cm) in diameter, with orange‐coloured sweet aromatic flesh surrounding a large central stone. A 150‐g portion (one quarter slice) is a rich source of vitamins C and A (as carotene); a source of copper; supplies 75 kcal (320 kJ).

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mango

mango Evergreen tree native to se Asia, and grown widely in the tropics for its fruit. It has lanceolate leaves, pinkish-white clustered flowers, and yellow-red fruit, which is eaten ripe or preserved when green. Height: to 18m (60ft). Family Anacardiaceae; species Mangifera indica.

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mango

mango XVI (manga, -as). first — Pg. manga (whence modL. mangas), later — Du. mango — Malay manggaTamil māṅkāy.

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mango

mango See MANGIFERA.

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mango

mango •Hidalgo •charango, Durango, fandango, mango, Okavango, quango, Sango, tango •GlasgowArgo, argot, cargo, Chicago, embargo, escargot, farrago, largo, Margot, Otago, Santiago, virago •Lego • Marengo •Diego, galago, Jago, lumbago, sago, Tierra del Fuego, Tobago, Winnebago •amigo, ego, Vigo •bingo, dingo, Domingo, flamingo, gringo, jingo, lingo •Bendigo • indigo • archipelago •vertigo • Sligo •doggo, logo •bongo, Congo, drongo, Kongo, pongo •a-gogo, go-go, pogo, Togo •Hugo •fungo, mungo •ergo, Virgo

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