Mangold, Carl (Ludwig Amand)

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Mangold, Carl (Ludwig Amand)

Mangold, Carl (Ludwig Amand), German conductor and composer, brother of (Johann) Wilhelm Mangold; b. Darmstadt, Oct. 8, 1813; d. Oberstdorf im Allgau, Aug. 5,1889. He studied at the Paris Cons, with Berton and Bordogni. Returning to Darmstadt, he became a violinist in the Court Orch. and, from 1848 to 1869, was court music director and also conducted various choral societies there. He wrote an opera, Tannhäuser, which was produced in Darmstadt on May 17, 1846, only a few months after the premiere of Wagner’s great work. In order to escape disastrous comparisons, the title was changed to Der getreue Eckart, the libretto revised, and the new version was produced posthumously in Darmstadt on Jan. 17, 1892. Mangold also wrote 4 more operas, Das Köhlermädchen, oder Das Tournier zu Linz (1843), Die Fischerin (1845), Dornröschen (1848), and Gudrun (1851). Other works include 8 syms., concertos, several oratorios, masses, cantatas, various choral works, many of which were popular in his day, particularly the “concert drama” Die Hermannsschlacht (Mainz, 1845), chamber music, some 375 songs, and piano pieces.

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire