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anemone

anemone (ənĕm´ənē) or windflower, any of the perennial herbs, wild or cultivated, of the genus Anemone of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercup family). A rich legendary history has gained the anemone many names and attributes. It is said to have sprung from the blood of Adonis; Romans considered it valuable in preventing fever; it has been applied for bruises and freckles; for some it is tainted with evil; and by the Chinese it has been associated with death. The name windflower is accounted for in several ways, one of which is Pliny's statement that anemone blossoms are opened by the wind. Anemones contain an acrid compound called anemonin. It is poisonous but was formerly used medicinally. Best known of the wild kinds are the white- or purplish-flowered wood anemone (A. quinquefolia), sometimes known specifically as windflower, and the greenish-white-flowered tall anemone, or thimbleweed (A. virginiana), with thimble-shaped fruit. The most common cultivated kinds include the tall, autumn-flowering Japanese anemone (A. japonica) for gardens and the florists' poppy anemones (A. coronaria), native to the Mediterranean area. Similar to the anemone is the wild rue anemone of another buttercup-family genus (Anemonella or Syndesmon). The pasqueflower is sometimes included in Anemone. Anemones are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Ranunculales, family Ranunculaceae.

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Anemone

Anemone (family Ranunculaceae) A genus of poisonous, perennial herbs (or, rarely, low shrubs) that have rhizomes, palmate, lobed leaves some of which are radical, the stem leaves occurring in a whorl of 3 some way below the flowers, and solitary flowers (or occasionally 2 or 3 flowers together). They have a perianth of 1 whorl, which is petal-like, and many free stamens and carpels. The fruit is a head of unplumed achenes. There are about 120 species, almost cosmopolitan and especially found in northern temperate regions.

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anemone

anemone (windflower) Perennial plant found worldwide. Anemones have sepals resembling petals, and numerous stamens and pistils covering a central knob; two or three deeply toothed leaves appear in a whorl midway up the stem. Many are wild flowers, such as the wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa), common in Britain and Europe. There are 120 species. Family Ranunculaceae. See also buttercup; sea anemone

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anemone

a·nem·o·ne / əˈnemənē/ • n. 1. a widely distributed, often cultivated plant (genus Anemone) of the buttercup family, typically bearing brightly colored flowers. 2. short for sea anemone. ORIGIN: mid 16th cent.: said to be from Greek anemōnē, literally ‘daughter of the wind.’

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anemone

anemone genus of plants XVI; (sea anemone) large polyp with petal-like tentacles XVIII. — L. anemōnē — Gr. anemṓnē, perh. f. ánemos wind.

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anemone

anemoneLéonie, peony •Tierney •Briony, bryony, Hermione •tourney • ebony • Albany •chalcedony • Alderney •Persephone, Stephanie, telephony •antiphony, epiphany, polyphony, tiffany •symphony •cacophony, homophony, theophany, Zoffany •euphony • agony • garganey •Antigone •cosmogony, mahogany, theogony •balcony • Gascony • Tuscany •calumny •felony, Melanie, miscellany •villainy • colony •Chamonix, salmony, scammony, Tammany •harmony •anemone, Emeny, hegemony, lemony, Yemeni •alimony, palimony •agrimony • acrimony •matrimony, patrimony •ceremony • parsimony • antimony •sanctimony • testimony • simony •Romany • Germany • threepenny •timpani • sixpenny • tuppenny •accompany, company •barony • saffrony • tyranny •synchrony • irony • saxony • cushiony •Anthony • betony •Brittany, dittany, litany •botany, cottony, monotony •gluttony, muttony •Bethany • oniony • raisiny •attorney, Burney, Czerny, Ernie, ferny, gurney, journey, Verny

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