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Thraupidae

Thraupidae (tanagers; class Aves, order Passeriformes) A family of fairly small, brightly coloured birds, which have short to medium, rather conical bills, short to long wings, short to medium-length tails, and short legs. The nine Piranga species are typical, mainly red birds, some males of which have black wings, white wing bars, and yellow, grey, or green bodies; the females are yellow-green; many Tangara species, of which there are about 47, are brilliant blue with black face patches. Tanagers inhabit forests and bushes, feed on fruit and insects, and nest in trees and bushes. The nests of euphonias (25 Euphonia species) are enclosed with a side entrance and built in trees. There are 57 genera in the family, with about 250 species, many kept as cage birds, found in N., Central, and S. America.

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tanager

tanager (tăn´əjər), any of the small, migratory perching birds of the family Thraupidae, chiefly of the tropical New World. Only five species migrate to North America; of these the scarlet tanager (Piranga olivacea) has the widest range in the United States. It is about 7 in. (18 cm) long. As in most tanagers, only the male has brilliant plumage; it is scarlet with black wings, tail, and beak. The song of the scarlet tanager is less melodious than that of the rosy-red summer tanager (P. rubra) of the South. The male western, or Louisiana, tanager (P. ludoviciana) is yellow, black, and red. Females of these species are olive green above and yellow below. Darwin's finches, originally classified as finches, are in fact members of the tanager family. Tanagers are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Thraupidae.

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tanager

tanager Small, brightly coloured, American forest bird with a cone-shaped bill. Tanagers feed on insects and fruit. The scarlet tanager (Piranga olivacea) of e North America has black on its wings and tail. Family Emberizidae.

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tanager

tan·a·ger / ˈtanəjər/ • n. a small American songbird (Tangara and other genera) of the bunting family, the male of which typically has brightly colored plumage.

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tanager

tanager bird of the family Thraupidae. XIX. alt. of Tupi tangara (current in Eng. use XVII-XIX).

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tanagers

tanagers
1. See THRAUPIDAE.

2. (swallow-tanager, Tersina viridis) See TERSINIDAE.

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tanager

tanagerbludger, grudger, nudger, trudger •indulger •blunger, conjure, expunger, plunger, sponger •astrologer, mythologer •tanager • onager • massager • potager •merger, perjure, purger, scourger, urger, verdure, verger

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