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marlin

marlin, common name for open-sea fish related to the sailfish (family Istiophoridae) and prized in sport fishing. The best known is the Atlantic blue marlin, Makaira nigricans, found in the Gulf Stream as far north as Long Island. It may reach 1,000 lb (454 kg) in weight. The upper jaw of the marlin extends into a long spike with which it clubs the small fish on which it feeds. The striped marlin, Kajikia audax, of the Pacific reaches a weight of 300 to 400 lb (135–180 kg); the paler white marlin, K. albida, of the Atlantic rarely exceeds 100 lb (45 kg). Marlins are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Istiophoridae.

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Istiophoridae

Istiophoridae (marlin, sailfish, spear-fish; subclass Actinopterygii, order Perciformes) A small family of marine fish that have strongly streamlined bodies, a long bill (upper jaw), and a high dorsal fin, which is even more accentuated in the sailfish. When swimming, the long-based dorsal fin is folded down into a special groove at the back. The deeply forked tail fin has very long dorsal and ventral lobes. Makaira nigricans (blue marlin) can grow to about 5 m; Istiophorus platypterus (sailfish) grows to about 2.5 m. There are about 10 species, distributed world-wide in tropical to subtropical seas.

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marlin

marlin Any of several species of large marine fish found in warm waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, especially the blue marlin (Makaira mitsukurii); it is often fished for sport. The marlin is blue with a coppery tint and violet side markings. The fins and long snout are sharply pointed. Length: to 8m (26ft); weight: 635kg (1400lb). Family Istiophoridae.

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marlin

mar·lin / ˈmärlən/ • n. a large edible billfish (genera Makaira and Tetrapterus) of warm seas. Several species include the striped marlin (T. audax).

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marlin

marlin See ISTIOPHORIDAE.

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marlin

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