fowl / foul/ • n. (pl. same or fowls ) (also domestic fowl) a gallinaceous bird kept chiefly for its eggs and flesh; a domestic cock or hen. ∎ any other domesticated bird kept for its eggs or flesh, e.g., the turkey, duck, goose, and guineafowl. ∎ the flesh of birds, esp. of the domestic cock or hen, as food; poultry. ∎ birds collectively, esp. as the quarry of hunters. ∎ archaic a bird.
Hence fowler OE. fug(e)lere, f. fug(e)lian catch wild-fowl.