Fowells, Robert M. 1921-
FOWELLS, Robert M. 1921-
PERSONAL: Born November 2, 1921; citizenship, U.S.; married, wife's name Frances B. Education: University of Oregon, B.S., 1947; New York University, M.A., 1953; University of Southern California, D.M.A., 1959. Politics: Democrat. Religion: Presbyterian.
ADDRESSES: Agent—c/o Author Mail, Paraclete Press, P.O. Box 1568, Orleans, MA 02653. E-mail—[email protected]
CAREER: Choral music teacher at a junior high school in Richmond, CA, 1951-63; California State University, Los Angeles, professor of music, 1963-88; Neighborhood Music School, member of board of directors, 1988—. Military service: U.S. Army Air Forces, 1942-43.
MEMBER: American Choral Directors Association, Music Educators National Conference, Early Music America, Southern California Early Music Society.
(Translator) Gregorian Semiology, Abbey of St. Pierre de Solesmes (France), 1982.
Chant Made Simple, Paraclete Press (Orleans, MA), 2000.
SIDELIGHTS: Robert M. Fowells told CA: "I have been interested in early music since doing my master's degree with Gustave Reese at New York University. In 1974 I was able to get Dom Jean Claire, chant master at the Abbey of St. Pierre de Solesmes in France, to teach for a month at California State University, Los Angeles. That started a hobby in teaching and writing about chant. Since 1979 I have sponsored an annual summer class in chant, alternating between the university in Los Angeles and the abbey in France.
"The Catholic church's concept of chant rhythm, which was used for sixty years after it was developed in the early 1900s by the monks of Solesmes, was revised in the 1970s by the discovery of another of their monks, Dom Eugene Cardine, that the very earliest of western notation which was devised by Charlemagne's monks in order to unify the church service in his empire gave distinct indications about movement and expression, even though it did not denote exact pitch. It is this new concept that is the basis of the book Chant Made Simple."
"Fowells, Robert M. 1921-." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 19, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/fowells-robert-m-1921
"Fowells, Robert M. 1921-." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved November 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/fowells-robert-m-1921
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.