v. / transˈplant/ [tr.] move or transfer (something) to another place or situation, typically with some effort or upheaval: his endeavor to transplant people from Russia to the Argentine | [as adj.] (transplanted) a transplanted Easterner. ∎ replant (a plant) in another place. ∎ remove (living tissue or an organ) and implant it in another part of the body or in another body.•
n. / ˈtransˌplant/ an operation in which an organ or tissue is transplanted: a heart transplant| kidneys available for transplant. ∎ an organ or tissue that is transplanted. ∎ a plant that has been or is to be transplanted. ∎ a person or thing that has been moved to a new place or situation.DERIVATIVES: trans·plant·a·ble / transˈplantəbəl/ adj.trans·plan·ta·tion / -ˌplanˈtāshən/ n.trans·plant·er n.
Surgical operation to introduce organ or tissue from one person (the donor) to another (the recipient); it may also refer to the transfer of tissues from one part of the body to another, as in grafting of skin or bone. Major transplants are performed to save the lives of patients facing death from end-stage organ disease. Organs routinely transplanted include the kidneys, heart, lungs, liver, and pancreas. Experimental work continues on some other procedures, including small bowel grafting. Many other tissues are commonly grafted, including heart valves, bone and bone marrow
. The oldest transplant procedure is corneal grafting, undertaken to restore the sight of one or both eyes. In 1967, Christiaan Barnard
performed the first successful heart transplant operation. Most transplant material is acquired from dead people, although kidneys, part of the liver, bone marrow
and corneas may be taken from living donors.