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Carmel-by-the-Sea

Carmel-by-the-Sea or Carmel (kärmĕl´), village (1990 pop. 4,239), Monterey co., S central Calif., on the Monterey peninsula and Carmel Bay, southwest of Monterey; inc. 1916. It is a tourist center and a noted artists' and writers' colony. The bay, named in 1602 by Carmelite friars in Vizcaíno's expedition, is famed for its beauty. Mission San Carlos Borromeo, the burial place of Father Junípero Serra, is nearby, as are vineyards and the Pebble Beach resort.

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Carmel

Carmel •sewellel •camel, enamel, entrammel, mammal, trammel •miasmal, phantasmal •Carmel •abysmal, baptismal, catechismal, dismal, paroxysmal •animal • minimal • lachrymal •maximal •decimal, infinitesimal •septimal • optimal • primal • Rommel •abnormal, conformal, formal, normal, paranormal, subnormal •chromosomal • Kümmel •Brummell, pommel, pummel •epidermal, geothermal, isothermal, pachydermal, taxidermal, thermal

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Carmel

CARMEL

CARMEL (Heb. כַּרְמֶל), city in the territory of Judah. It is mentioned in connection with the fateful meeting between Samuel and Saul after the war against the Amalekites (i Sam. 15:12). Carmel belonged to Nabal, the Calebite, who raised sheep and held great shearing feasts there (25:2). His wife Abigail, called the Carmelitess, married David after Nabal's death and the estate thus passed into David's hands (27:3). His descendant Uzziah still possessed vineyards in Carmel (ii Chron. 26:10). Hezrai, one of David's warriors, was originally from Carmel (ii Sam. 23:35). In Roman times it was garrisoned with Illyrian cavalry and formed part of the Limes Palaestinae. Carmel is mentioned in Notitia dignitatum… 73, 20 (ed. 1876 by O. Seeck) as Chermela. In the fourth century Eusebius describes it as a large Jewish village (Onom. 92:19ff.). The remains of two Byzantine churches and tomb caves have been found there and the ruins of a crusader castle are still visible. The city is identified with Khirbat Karmil 9 mi. (15 km.) south of Hebron.

bibliography:

Alt, in: pjb, 26 (1930), 48; 27 (1931), 75–76; Press, Ereẓ, 3 (1952), 508; Aharoni, Land, index; Avi-Yonah, Land, index

[Michael Avi-Yonah]

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Carmel

Carmel:1 See Carmel-by-the-Sea.

2 City (2012 pop. 83,565), Hamilton co., central Ind., on the White River; platted 1837 as Bethlehem; inc. and renamed 1874. A suburb of Indianapolis, Carmel has numerous corporate headquarters and a growing high-tech industry. The city is noted for the redevelopment that began in 1994 that revived its original downtown as the Arts and Design district, created the mixed-use City Center with a performing arts center, and constructed more than 80 traffic roundabouts to replace intersections and ease traffic congestion. Located in an area once inhabited by the Miami, the city initially was settled largely by Quakers.

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