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Faenza

Faenza (fäān´tsä), city (1991 pop. 54,139), in Emilia-Romagna, N central Italy, on the Lamone River. A special kind of richly colored ceramic, called faience or majolica, has been made there since the 12th cent.; ceramic art flourished from 1450 to 1550 and was revived in the 18th cent. The Manfredi family, which ruled Faenza in the 14th and 15th cent., enriched it with works of art. Noteworthy buildings include the Renaissance-style cathedral (15th cent.), the governor's palace (12th cent.), and the city hall (13th–15th cent.). The International Museum of Ceramics is there.

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Faenza

Faenzaamasser, gasser, macassar, Makassar, Mombasa, Nasser •relaxer, waxer •salsa •cancer, romancer •piazza • necromancer • madrasa •Kinshasa, Lhasa, passer, Tarrasa, Vaasa •advancer, answer, chancer, dancer, enhancer, lancer, prancer •tazza •addresser, aggressor, assessor, compressor, confessor, contessa, depressor, digresser, dresser, guesser, intercessor, lesser, Odessa, oppressor, possessor, professor, represser, successor, transgressor, Vanessa •Alexa, flexor, vexer •Elsa, Kielce •censer, censor, dispenser, fencer, Mensa, sensor, Spenser •seltzer •Faenza, Henze •indexer • hairdresser • predecessor •microprocessor, processor •acer, bracer, chaser, debaser, embracer, facer, macer, mesa, pacer, placer, racer, spacer, tracer •Ailsa • steeplechaser •greaser, Lisa, Nerissa, piecer, Raisa, releaser •pizza

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Faenza

FAENZA

FAENZA , city in N. central Italy. In the 14th century the Jews of Faenza were moneylenders. As a result of the sermons of *Bernardino da Feltre, the celebrated physician Lazzaro da Pavia was expelled from the city in c. 1480. The liturgical poet Raphael ben Isaac da Faenza also lived in the city in the mid-15th century. There is also documented evidence of the presence of a rabbinate of Faenza in the same years. Isaac *Azulai, who manufactured majolica seder plates, worked here in 1575. From the 16th century until the Napoleon era there is no evidence that Jews lived in Faenza.

bibliography:

Milano, Italia, 127, 358; Roth, Italy, 199, 202, 445. add. bibliography: G. Caravita, Ebrei in Romagna: 19381945: dalle leggi razziali allo sterminio (1991); L. Picciotto, Il libro della memoria: gli ebrei deportati dall'Italia, 19431945 (2001).

[Attilio Milano /

Federica Francesconi (2nd ed.)]

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