Kamakura. Major centre in Japan of Shinto shrines, and of Buddhist temples and monasteries. Due south of Tokyo, it was a fishing village which became the effective capital in 1185. The principal Shinto shrine, Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gu, is dedicated (as the name states) to Hachiman. Among the Zen monasteries, Kencho-ji is of particular importance, because Zen monks are still trained there. It was founded by Tao-lung in 1253, and is built, like the classic monasteries of Kyōto, on the single-axis design. Engaku-ji (also Enkaku-ji), founded thirty years later, contains a Relic Hall in which one of the Buddha Śākyamuni's teeth is preserved; several of its buildings were destroyed in an earthquake in 1923. Also of note is Zuisenji, founded by Soshi in 1327, recently rebuilt and surrounded by gardens of great beauty. Kamakura contains the second largest daibutsu (image of the Buddha, the largest being in Todaiji). The Jōdo school is represented by the Hasedera temple, which contains a massive image of Kannon (Avalokiteśvara) carved from a single tree, and many shrines devoted to Jizō (see KṢITIGARBHA) by those who have lost infants.
More From encyclopedia.com
Kyoto , Kyōto Kyōto. Japanese city, of particular importance for its Buddhist temples and monasteries. Virtually every school and sect in Buddhism had or has… Fukuoka , Fukuoka Fukuoka (fŏŏkōō´ōkä), city (1990 pop. 1,237,062), capital of Fukuoka prefecture, N Kyushu, Japan, on Hakata Bay. An important seaport, airpor… Angkor , Angkor Angkor (ăng´kôr), site of several capitals of the Khmer Empire, north of Tônlé Sap, NW Cambodia, for about five and a half centuries (9th to 1… Luxor , Luxor Luxor (El Uqsur) City in e central Egypt, on the e bank of the River Nile; known to the ancient Egyptians as Weset and to the ancient Greeks as… Temple (texas) , Temple Our word temple comes from the Latin templum, meaning any space demarcated as sacred—even a part of the sky. A temple is the place for housing… Greek Architecture , Greek Building Techniques. Almost all major Greek architecture employed the simple "post and lintel" system. In this method of building, two or more…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated Aug 24 2016 About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic
You Might Also Like