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pontifex maximus

pontifex maximus (pŏn´tĬfĕks măk´sĬməs), highest priest of Roman religion and official head of the college of pontifices. As the chief administrator of religious affairs he regulated the conduct of religious ceremonies, consecrated temples and other holy places, and controlled the calendar. During the time of the empire, and until Christianity became firmly established, the emperor was designated pontifex maximus. After the supremacy of Christianity, the popes assumed the title.

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Pontifex Maximus

Pontifex Maximus (Lat., pontifex, ‘bridge-maker’, of uncertain significance). Title of the pope. It was originally the title of the chief pagan priest at Rome. In English it is rendered ‘supreme pontiff’.

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"Pontifex Maximus." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 May. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Pontifex Maximus

Pontifex Maximus (in ancient Rome) the head of the principal college of priests; (in the Roman Catholic Church) a title of the Pope. The title means literally in Latin ‘supreme high priest’.

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"Pontifex Maximus." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved May 27, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pontifex-maximus

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