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Caiaphas (Joseph Caiaphas) (kā´yəfəs), Jewish high priest, a Sadducee, son-in-law of Annas. According to the Gospels, he presided at the council that condemned Jesus to death. Later, he joined in the examination of Peter and John. Mat. 26.57–68; John 11.47–54; 18.24; Acts 4.6.

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Caiaphas name of the Jewish high priest at the time of the trial and execution of Jesus; in John 11:50 it is Caiaphas who says, ‘It is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not.’