Abijah

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ABIJAH

ABIJAH (Heb. אֲבִיָּה; "yhw(h) is my father"), king of Judah c. 914–912 b.c.e.; son of *Rehoboam (on the identity of his mother, see *Asa). In Kings, where he is referred to throughout as Abijam, it is stated only that he followed the sinful ways of his father, and that he was at war with *Jeroboam, king of Israel, throughout his reign. The Book of Chronicles, however, for its own theological reasons, unhistorically depicts him as a pious king who succeeded in wresting a sizable slice of territory from Jeroboam (ii Chron. 13:19). According to i Kings 15:19, it is likely that a political alliance existed between Abijah and *Ben-Hadadi, king of Aram-Damascus. Abijah had 14 wives, who bore 22 sons and 16 daughters (ii Chron. 13:21). One source of information for the Chronicler on the reign of Abijah was the Midrash of the prophet Iddo (ibid. 13:22).

bibliography:

S. Japhet, i & ii Chronicles (1993), 697–700.

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Abijah (əbī´jə), in the Bible. 1 See Abi. 2 Died c.911 BC, king (c.914–c.911 BC) of Judah, the southern kingdom. He succeeded his father, Rehoboam, and King Jeroboam continued warfare against him. 3 Son of Jeroboam, whose death was used by a prophet to foreshadow the death of Jeroboam. 4 Priestly family. 5 Priests in the return to Jerusalem.

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Abi (Jap.; Skt. avīci). The lowest part of Buddhist hell, a place of such pain that no one cries out, and anguished silence prevails. However, as with all Buddhist hells, it is not a place of everlasting torment, since there is nothing permanent in the Buddhist perspective.

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ABI Abbrev. for application binary interface. Definition of the binary-level interface between application programs and the operating system, including the format of executable files. Compiled binary applications can be ported between systems with the same ABI.

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Abi (ā´bī) [short for Abijah], in the Bible, King Hezekiah's mother.

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ABI Computing application binary interface
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