Yared, Gabriel 1949–
YARED, Gabriel 1949–
Addresses: Manager— First Artists Management, 16000 Ventura Blvd., Suite 605, Encino, CA 91436.
Career: Composer, orchestrator, musician, and actor. Composer or orchestrator for popular vocalists, including Charles Aznavour, Gilbert Becaud, Johnny Hallyday, Francoise Hardy, Michel Jonasz, Mireille Mathieu, Sylvie Vartan, and Tania Maria; composer of ballet scores and music for radio and advertising. Pleiade Academy (school of music), founder and director.
Awards, Honors: Grand prize, Society of Authors, Composers, and Editors of Music, 1984, for both La lune dans le caniveau and Hannah K.; Victoire de la Musique Award, 1986, and Cesar Award nomination, best music written for a film, Academie des Arts et Techniques du Cinema, 1987, both for 37.2 le matin; Cesar Award nomination, best music written for a film, and nomination for Victoire de la Musique Award, both 1988, for Agent Trouble; Cesar Award nomination, best music written for a film, and Victoire de la Musique Award, both 1989, for Camille Claudel; Victoire de la Musique Award, 1992, Cesar Award, best music written for a film, 1993, and nomination for International Musical Visual Award, 1993, all for L'amant; Australian Film Institute Award nomination, best original music score, 1993, for Map of the Human Heart; Midem Award nominations, 1994, for Des feux mal eteints; nomination for Victoire de la Musique Award, 1994, for Les marmottes; Midem Award nomination, 1994, for Wings of Courage; nomination for Victoire de la Musique Award, 1995, for Noir comme le souvenir; decorated commander, l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, c. 1996; Golden Globe Award, best original score for a motion picture, Academy Award, best original dramatic music score, Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, and Golden Satellite Award, outstanding original score, International Press Academy, all 1997, and Grammy Award, best instrumental composition written for a motion picture or for television, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, grand prize, Society of Authors, Composers, and Editors of Music, and Victoire de la Musique Award, all 1998, all for The English Patient; Film and Television Music Award, top box office film, American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers, Golden Satellite Award nomination, best motion picture score, and Grammy Award nomination, best instrumental composition written for a motion picture or for television, all 1999, for City of Angels; Academy Award nomination, best original music score, Golden Globe Award nomination, best original score for a motion picture, nomination for Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music, Broadcast Film Critics Association Award, best score, and Sierra Award nomination, best score, Las Vegas Film Critics Society, all 2000, for The Talented Mr. Ripley.
Music arranger, Toute une vie (also known as And Now My Love and Tutta una vita ), 1974.
Music arranger, Si c'etait a refaire (also known as If I Had to Do It All Over Again and Second Chance ), 1976.
Music arranger, Un autre homme, une autre chance (also known as Another Man, Another Chance and Another Man, Another Woman ), 1977.
Music conductor, La lune dans le caniveau (also known as The Moon in the Gutter and Lo specchio del desiderio ), Triumph Releasing/Columbia, 1983.
Music producer, La scarlatine (also known as Scarlet Fever ), 1983.
Music conductor and song performer, " A Certain Desire, " Flagrant desir (also known as A Certain Desire, Flagrant Desire, and Trade Secrets ), 1985.
Orchestrator, Weda'an Bonapart (also known as Adieu Bonaparte ), 1985.
Music conductor, 37.2 le matin (also known as Betty Blue and 37.2 Degrees in the Morning ), Alive, 1986.
Orchestrator, Camille Claudel (also known as Camille Claudel—Violence et passion ), 1988.
Music performer, IP5: Lile aux pachydermes (also known as IP5: The Island of Pachyderms ), 1992.
Orchestrator, Profil bas (also known as Low Profile ), 1994.
Orchestrator, City of Angels (also known as Stadt der Engel ), Warner Bros., 1998.
Orchestrator and song producer, The Talented Mr. Ripley (also known as The Mysterious Yearning Secretive Sad Lonely Troubled Confused Loving Musical Gifted Intelligent Beautiful Tender Sensitive Haunted Passionate Talented Mr. Ripley ), Paramount, 1999.
Orchestrator, music producer, and music performer, Message in a Bottle, Warner Bros., 1999.
Orchestrator and music conductor, The Next Best Thing, Paramount, 2000.
Orchestrator and music conductor, Autumn in New York, Metro–Goldwyn–Mayer, 2000.
Orchestrator, music conductor, and music producer, Possession, Focus Features, 2002.
Paul Jarry, Sarah, 1983.
Himself, La diagonale du fou: Interviews, 2002.
Composer, conductor, producer, orchestrator, and pianist, The Lover (soundtrack), Varese Saraband, 1992.
Producer and keyboard performer, Map of the Human Heart (soundtrack), PolyGram, 1993.
Conductor, Mina, Del Mio Meglio, Vol. 4, EMI, 1993.
Orchestrator, Wings of Courage (soundtrack), Sony, 1995.
Orchestrator, Sacha Distel, Very Best of Sacha Distel, Arcade, 1998.
Orchestrator and arranger, Arthouse Cafe, Vol. 2, Silva, 1998.
Orchestrator and producer, City of Angels (soundtrack), Warner Bros., 1998.
Orchestrator and producer, Message in a Bottle (soundtrack), Atlantic, 1999.
Miss O'Gynie et les hommes fleurs (also known as Miss O'Gynie and the Flower Man and Miss O'Gynie en de bloemenjongens ), 1974.
Sauve qui peut (also known as Every Man For Himself, Slow Motion, Rette sich, wer kaan (das Leben), and Sauve qui peut la vie ), New Yorker Films, 1979.
Malevil (also known as Malevil, Countdown der Neutronenbombe ), 1981.
Invitation au voyage (also known as Invito al viaggio ), Triumph Releasing, 1982.
La lune dans le caniveau (also known as The Moon in the Gutter and Lo specchio del desiderio ), Triumph Releasing/Columbia, 1983.
Hannah K., Universal, 1983.
Interdit aux moins de 13 ans, 1983.
La java des ombres, 1983.
La scarlatine (also known as Scarlet Fever ), 1983.
Le telephone sonne toujours deux fois (also known as The Telephone Always Rings Twice ), 1984.
La diagonale du fou (also known as Dangerous Moves ), Spectrafilm, 1984.
Tir a vue (also known as Fire on Sight ), 1984.
Nemo (also known as Dream One ), 1984.
Flagrant desir (also known as A Certain Desire, Flagrant Desire, and Trade Secrets ), 1985.
Weda'an Bonapart (also known as Adieu Bonaparte ), 1985.
Scout toujours..., 1985.
Water and Man (also known as L'eau et les hommes ), 1985.
37.2 le matin (also known as Betty Blue and 37.2 Degrees in the Morning ), Alive, 1986.
Desordre (also known as Disorder ), 1986.
Zone Rouge, 1986.
Beyond Therapy, New World, 1987.
Agent Trouble (also known as The Man Who Loved Zoos ), 1987.
L'homme voile (also known as The Veiled Man ), 1987.
Gandahar (also known as Light Years ), Miramax, 1987.
Les saisons du plaisir, 1987.
Last Song, 1987.
Clean and Sober, Warner Bros., 1988.
Le testament d'un poete juif assassine, 1988.
Camille Claudel (also known as Camille Claudel— Violence et passion ), 1988.
Une nuit a l'assemblee nationale, 1988.
Tennessee Nights (also known as Black Water and Tennessee Waltz ), Academy Video, 1989.
Romero, Four Seasons, 1989.
Les mille et une nuits (also known as 1001 Nights, Le mille e una notte, and Sheherazade ), 1990.
Song, " The Complaint of the Old Bitch, " Tatie Danielle, Prestige Films, 1990.
Vincent & Theo (also known as Vincent et Theo ), Hemdale, 1990.
La putain du roi (also known as The King's Mistress, The King's Whore, and La donna del re ), 1990.
L'amant (also known as The Lover ), Metro–Mayer–Goldwyn, 1991.
Map of the Human Heart (also known as La carte du tendre ), Miramax, 1992.
L'instinct de l'ange, 1992.
L'arche et les deluges (also known as The Ark and the Deluge ), 1992.
IP5: Lile aux pachydermes (also known as IP5: The Island of Pachyderms ), 1992.
La fille de l'air (also known as The Girl in the Air ), 1992.
Les marmottes (also known as The Groundhogs ), Cine Co., 1993.
Profil bas (also known as Low Profile ), 1994.
Des feux mal eteints (also known as Poorly Extinguished Fires ), 1994.
Noir comme le souvenir (also known as Black for Remembrance ), 1995.
Wings of Courage (also known as Guillaumet, les ailes du courage ), Sony Pictures Classics, 1995.
The English Patient, Miramax, 1996.
Hercule et Sherlock (also known as Mutts ), 1996.
Tonka, Flach Pyramide International, 1997.
City of Angels (also known as Stadt der Engel ), Warner Bros., 1998.
Message in a Bottle, Warner Bros., 1999.
The Talented Mr. Ripley (also known as The Mysterious Yearning Secretive Sad Lonely Troubled Confused Loving Musical Gifted Intelligent Beautiful Tender Sensitive Haunted Passionate Talented Mr. Ripley ), Paramount, 1999.
Song, " Forever and Always, " The Next Best Thing, Paramount, 2000.
Autumn in New York, Metro–Goldwyn–Mayer, 2000.
Lisa, Capitol Films, 2001.
L'idole (also known as The Idol ), Mars Distribution, 2002.
Possession, Focus Features, 2002.
The One and Only, Pathe Distribution, 2002.
(Uncredited) Song, " Comment te dire adieu, " Jane Birkin: Arabesque, 2002.
Bon voyage, Sony Pictures Classics, 2003.
Les marins perdus (also known as Lost Seamen ), Mercure Distribution, 2003.
Sylvia, Focus Features, 2003.
Cold Mountain, Miramax, 2003.
Two Brothers, Universal, 2004.
Jean–Christophe (miniseries), 1978.
L'academie des 9 (series), 1982.
La romana, 1988.
Le diable amoureux (ballet special), 1991.
Fall from Grace (movie; also known as Fortitude ), 1994.
Jacques Yves–Cousteau: My First 85 Years (special), TBS, 1995.
L'homme aux semelles de vent (also known as A. Rimbaud: Aventures en Abyssinie and Arthur Rimbaud! ), 1995.
La dame du cirque (also known as Zirkusblut ), 1996.
Premier de cordee, 1999.
Clavigo (ballet special), 1999.
Diable amoureux (ballet), 1989.
Clavigo (ballet), Paris Opera House, Paris, 1999.
Concert Valencia (concert), 2000.
Yared's compositions have been featured in albums by other performers, including the soundtrack recording The Moon in the Gutter, released by DRG in 1983; and Palace of the Winds: The Piano at the Movies, recorded by Michael Chertock, released by Telarc in 1997.
Entertainment Weekly, January 17, 1997, p. 62.
National Catholic Reporter, July 3, 1998, p. 20.
Best-selling album since 1990: The English Patient (1996)
Gabriel Yared is a composer whose identity seems to elude geographic, ethnic, or time-specific classifications, but rather is associated with a spectrum of moods between the poles of ennui and eroticism. Growing up in Beirut, Lebanon, Yared recalls his "only pleasure was to go to the church opposite [his home] to play the organ." That instrument, installed in 1930 in the Church of Saint-François, has exerted profound influence over the twentieth-century music of Beirut, and Yared claims to have been taught by Bertrand Robillard, a church organist who taught Lebanese composers Toufic Succar, Boghos Gelalian, and the Rahbani brothers.
Yared was a law student for three years at Université Saint-Joseph but dropped out to move to Brazil and work with singers Elis Regina and Ivan Lins. Upon settling in Paris in 1972, he audited classes at L'Ecole Normale du Musique, and the next year commenced a career as a free-lance composer, writing for dance, advertisements, and television shows, as well as for singers such as Charles Aznavour and Johnny Hollyday.
Yared's first film soundtrack to gain significant attention was for Jean-Luc Godard's Sauve Qui Peut la Vie (Every Man for Himself ; 1980). Following that, he worked principally on French films, winning Cesars (French Academy Awards) for the noir saxophone themes of Betty Blue (1986) and the score for the film of Marguerite Duras's novel The Lover (1992).
Yared's first major American film assignment was for director Robert Altman's Beyond Therapy (1987), and he worked with Altman again on Theo and Vincent (1990), about the Van Gogh brothers. But his poignant, dreamy, and suspenseful score for Anthony Minghella's Academy Award–winning The English Patient (1996) was his international breakthrough. Besides winning an Academy Award for Best Original Dramatic Score, Yared was named winner of the Anthony Asquith Award for Achievement in Film Music (from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts); the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score, Motion Picture; and the Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition Written for a Motion Picture or for Television.
At Minghella's suggestion, Yared recruited Hungarian vocalist Márta Sebastyan from the folk group Muszikas for The English Patient, a prescient idea that stamped the film with a sonic character and boosted the ensemble's fame and audience. He dotted the movie—set during the last year of World War II in a makeshift medical clinic in rural Italy, populated by North American, Sikh, British, and North African characters—with nostalgic tracks by Fred Astaire, Benny Goodman, and Ella Fitzgerald, as well as the "Aria from the Goldberg Variations" for the character who claims it as her favorite music. Yared's writing for the Academy of St. Martin-in-the-Fields is remarkably detailed, and though many soundtrack albums boast that they provide stand-alone listening experiences, The English Patient is one that delivers on that claim.
Subsequently, Yared scored Minghella's The Talented Mr. Ripley (1999), a baroque thriller about a sociopath (based on a series of novels by Patricia Highsmith), the romantic comedy Chocolat (2000), and Possession (2002), a literary romance based on a novel by A. S. Byatt. As a dividend of his success (or evidence of his smart choices of employers), many of the albums Yared worked on in the 1970s are being reissued in the twenty-first century. His sensitivity to tasks at hand is evident in these disparate productions, which suggests he has much more to offer the field of movie soundtracks.
The Lover (Varese Sara-bande, 1992); The English Patient (Fantasy, 1996); Eden (Angel, 1999); The Talented Mr. Ripley (Sony Classical, 1999); Chocolat (Sony Classical, 2000); Possession (RCA, 2002); Messages Personnels (EMI International, 2003).