Spohr, Ludwig (Louis)
OPERAS: Die Prüfung (1806); Alruna, die Eulenkönigin (1808); Der Zweikampf mit der Geliebten (1811); Faust (1813, rev. 1852); Zemire und Azor (1818–19); Jessonda (1822–3); Der Berggeist (1825); Pietro von Abano (1827); Der Alchymist (1830); Die Kreuzfahrer (1845).ORATORIOS: Das jüngste Gericht (1812); Die letzten Dinge (1825–6); Des Heilands letzte Stunden (1835); Der Fall Babylons (1842).ORCH.: syms.: No.1 in E♭ (1811), No.2 in D minor (1820), No.3 in C minor (1828), No.4 (Die Weihe der Töne, The Power of Sound) (1835), No.5 in C minor (1838), No.6 in G (Historical Symphony) (1840), No.7 in C (Double Symphony, Irdisches und Göttliches in Menschenleben) (1842), No.8 in G minor (1847), No.9 in B minor (The Seasons) (1850), No.10 (1857); 6 ovs.; Waltzes.CONCERTOS: 18 for vn. (c.1799–1844), No.8 in A minor being sub-titled Gesangszene, ‘in the form of a vocal scena’; 4 for cl.; potpourris for vn., vc., and orch.; conc. for str. qt. (1845)CHAMBER MUSIC: 34 str. qts.; 4 double str. qts.; 7 str. quintets; octet in E major (str. and wind); septet for pf. and wind; nonet in F for str. qt., fl., ob., cl., bn., hn.; pf. and wind quintet; 3 pf. trios; str. sextet; sonatas, etc.
"Spohr, Ludwig (Louis)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 25, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/spohr-ludwig-louis
"Spohr, Ludwig (Louis)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved June 25, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/spohr-ludwig-louis
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.
Ludwig Spohr (lŏŏt´vĬkh shpōr, lōō´ē), 1784–1859, German composer, conductor, and violinist. After touring Europe extensively, he was (1822–57) court conductor in Kassel. His prolific output includes 11 operas, of which Faust (1816) and Jessonda (1823) are the most important; 9 symphonies, many of them programmatic; 15 violin concertos; numerous oratorios and other choral works; and a large quantity of chamber music. His music, which was influential in his day, shows a curious mixture of conservative and progressive tendencies. A mannered chromaticism, derived from Mozart, anticipated that of Wagner, whose works Spohr was one of the first to champion. As a violinist, Spohr developed a style which, through his teaching and his famous Violinschule (1831), became the basis for the German school of violin playing.
See his autobiography (1845, tr. 1878).
"Spohr, Ludwig." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 25, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/spohr-ludwig
"Spohr, Ludwig." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 25, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/spohr-ludwig