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Gruenberg, Louis

Gruenberg, Louis (b nr. Brest-Litovsk, now Brest, 1884; d Los Angeles, 1964). Russ.-born Amer. composer and pianist. Début as pianist with Berlin PO, 1912. Gave up concert touring for comp. on return to USA. Head of comp. dept., Chicago Mus. Coll., 1930–3. Comps. strongly influenced by jazz. Success with opera The Emperor Jones (based on O'Neill play), NY Met 1933. His vn. conc. was written for Heifetz. Also wrote film scores. Comps. incl.: The Emperor Jones (1933); Green Mansions (for radio) (1937); Volpone (1945); operas; 5 syms. (1919–48); The Hill of Dreams, orch. (1921); Jazz Suite (1929); 2 pf. concs.; vn. conc. (1944); 2 vn. sonatas; str. qt.; pf. quintet; pf. pieces incl. Jazzberries, 6 Jazz Epigrams, etc.

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Gruenberg, Louis

Louis Gruenberg (grōō´ənbûrg), 1884–1964, American composer, b. Russia; pupil of Busoni. After concert tours as a pianist in Europe and America, he settled in the United States as a composer in 1919. A champion of modern music, he helped found (1923) the League of Composers and was one of the first American composers to incorporate jazz rhythms into works of major dimensions, such as Daniel Jazz (1924) and Jazz Suite (1925). His opera The Emperor Jones, based on O'Neill's play, was presented at the Metropolitan Opera in 1933. From 1940 he composed music for motion pictures.

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