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Goldmark, Károly

Goldmark, Károly (b Keszthély, Hung., 1830; d Vienna, 1915). Hung. composer and violinist, son of a cantor. After playing in th. orchs., settled in Vienna 1850 as composer, teacher, and critic. His tuneful, colourful mus. is remembered today chiefly through his sym.-poem Rustic Wedding (1875). Comp. 6 operas incl. Die Königin von Saba (The Queen of Sheba) (1875) and Ein Wintermärchen (A Winter's Tale, after Shakespeare) (1908); sym. in C minor; sym. in E♭; ov. Sakuntala; 2 vn. concs.; str. qt.; vc. sonata; etc.

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Goldmark, Karl

Karl Goldmark, 1830–1915, Hungarian composer. His concert overture Sakuntala (1865), his symphony A Rustic Wedding (1870), and an opera, The Queen of Sheba (1875), were very popular. His nephew, Rubin Goldmark, 1872–1936, a pupil of Dvořák in New York, was a composer and educator. From 1924 to 1936 he was chairman of the composition department at the Juilliard School of Music. His works include A Negro Rhapsody (1923).

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Goldmark, Karl

GOLDMARK, KARL

GOLDMARK, KARL (1830–1915), composer. Goldmark, the son of a cantor in the small town of Keszthely, was sent to study in Vienna. He was financed by his half-brother Joseph, who, however, was involved in the revolutionary activities of 1848 and had to leave the country. Karl himself was led out to be shot as a rebel, but was saved by the intervention of a friend. He settled in Vienna as a teacher, conductor, and composer, and displayed his great talent for orchestration in the overture Sakuntala (1865) and his Laendliche Hochzeit (1876) symphony. His opera Die Koenigin von Saba (1875) with a libretto by S.H. *Mosenthal, on which he worked for ten years, was an immediate success in Vienna and many other cities. Goldmark wrote other operas that had limited success, violin concertos, chamber music, choral music and songs. For a short time he was the teacher of Sibelius, and did much to encourage the performance of Wagner in Austria. His autobiography, Erinnerungen aus meinem Leben (1922), was translated into English in 1927 as Notes from the Life of a Viennese Composer.

bibliography:

O. Keller, Karl Goldmark (Ger., 1901); mgg; Riemann-Gurlitt; Grove, Dict; Baker, Biog Dict.

[Marc Rozelaar]

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