Desprès, Josquin [ Josquin Desprez, Josquin des Pres, and several other spellings] (b ?Picardy, c.1440; d Condésur-l'Escaut, Hainaut, 1521). Fr.-Flemish composer. Possibly a pupil of Ockeghem. From c.1459 to 1504 was in It., first as singer in Milan Cath. and employee of Sforza family. Went to Rome in 1484 in service of Cardinal Ascanio Sforza and as member of papal chapel. Became choirmaster at Ferrara, 1503. Returned to Low Countries 1504, after outbreak of plague, where he became provost of church at Condé. Regarded as most gifted and influential composer of his time. He was no radical innovator but successfully developed existing and unexplored techniques. Was particularly successful in giving dramatic emphasis to the texts he set by means of word-rhythms and imitation. Although his early masses used a cantus firmus, later ones employed parody techniques and were sometimes based on a motto theme or a series of canons. Similarly in motets he abandoned a plainchant cantus firmus in favour of imitative devices. Some of his chansons were on erotic and frivolous texts and he was one of the first to appropriate tunes from court and theatre for his serious works. His work was so popular that many forgeries were published. He wrote 18 masses (the best-known being Ave Maris Stella, L'homme armé, and Pange lingua), nearly 100 motets, and over 70 secular works.
More From encyclopedia.com
Mass (religion) , Mass (in Christianity) Mass, religious service of the Roman Catholic Church, which has as its central act the performance of the sacrament of the Euc… Jacob Obrecht , Jacob Obrecht Jacob Obrecht (1450-1505), a Dutch composer, was one of the most important composers in the dominant Netherlandish tradition of the 15t… Giovanni Pierluigi Da Palestrina (italian Composer) , Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da 1525–1594 Training and Life. The composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina was born in the small village of Palestr… Guillaume Dufay , The works of the Netherlandish composer Guillaume Dufay (ca. 1400-1474) marked the beginning of the Renaissance and influenced the course of music du… Sequence , In the Roman rite, a musical setting of rhymed poetry with paired lines, occurring after the Alleluia verse and before the Gospel in the Mass for cer… Pietro Metastasio , Metastasio (Trapassi), Pietro Antonio Domenico Bonaventura Metastasio [Trapassi], Pietro Antonio Domenico Bonaventura (b Rome, 1698; d Vienna, 1782).…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic
You Might Also Like