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Albéniz, Isaac (Manuel Francisco)

Albéniz, Isaac (Manuel Francisco) (b Camprodón, Catalonia, 1860; d Cambô-les-Bains, France, 1909). Sp. pianist and composer. From 1880 toured widely, playing many of own pf. works, of which he comp. 250 between 1880 and 1892, most of them employing Sp. rhythmic and melodic idioms. For his Eng. banker patron F. Money-Coutts ( Lord Latymer) he set 3 opera libs., Henry Clifford (Barcelona 1895), Merlin, and Pepita Jiménez (Barcelona 1896). Settled in Paris 1893, being influenced by Fauré and Dukas. His Iberia, 12 pf. pieces, was pubd. in 4 vols., 1906–9. Also wrote operettas, songs, orch. rhapsody Catalonia, pf. conc., and 5 pf. sonatas. Iberia was orch. by Arbós, and Suite española by R.Frühbeck de Burgos.

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Albéniz, Isaac

Isaac Albéniz (ēsäk´ älbā´nēth), 1860–1909, Spanish pianist and composer. He made his debut as a pianist at the age of four. When still young, he ran away from home and traveled in North and South America and Spain, supporting himself by playing the piano. As a composer, he was influenced by Liszt and studied with D'Indy and Dukas, among others. He in turn influenced Debussy and Ravel in their piano compositions. Filipe Pedrell interested him in Spanish music. Although he wrote operas, songs, and many short piano pieces, he is best remembered for his later piano works (especially Iberia, 1906–9), which combine a stylized use of Spanish folk material with a brilliant pianistic idiom.

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Albéniz, Isaac

Albéniz, Isaac (1860–1909) Spanish composer and pianist. The majority of his compositions are for piano. He often used Spanish folk elements in his compositions, notably in the piano suite Iberia (1906–09).

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