Johannes Robert Becher

All Sources -
Updated Media sources (1) About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic Share Topic
views updated

Johannes Robert Becher (yōhän´əs rō´bĕrt bĕkh´ər), 1891–1958, German poet and essayist. After an early association with the Expressionist movement, Becher turned to Communism. His anti-imperialist poetry, notably Der Leichnam auf dem Thron [the corpse on the throne] (1925), led to exile from Nazism (1935–45) in the USSR, where he produced such volumes of poetry as Wiedergeburt [rebirth] (1940) and Deutschland ruft [Germany calls] (1942). After the war he settled in East Germany, founded the literary review Sinn und Form, and was appointed Minister of Culture (1954). His postwar writings (including Macht der Poesie [poetic power, 1955] and Das poetische Prinzip [poetic principle, 1957]) stressed socialist humanism and the artist's responsibility to society

views updated

Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring. Eng. name for chorale Jesu, bleibet meine Freude in J. S. Bach's church cantata No. 147, Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben, orig. orch. for tpt., ob., str., and org. but best known in pf. transcr. by Myra Hess of choral arr. by Hugh P. Allen with poem by Robert Bridges. Chorale melody is Werde Munter by Johann Schop, 1641.