Nationality: Irish. Born: Dublin, 6 February 1949. Education: Graduated from University College in Dublin; attended the New York University film school. Career: Worked as director-writer at the Lyric Theatre in Belfast and Abbey Theatre in Dublin, originated Children's Theatre Company in Dublin, and operated and wrote plays for the Project Arts Center, a Dublin alternative theater, 1970s-early 1980s; came to New York and became artistic director of the Irish Arts Center, 1982; made screen directorial debut with My Left Foot, 1989. Awards: Fringe Award for Best Play, Edinburgh Festival, 1983, for Spike in the First World War; Academy Award nominations, Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Screenplay, and Best
Film, New York Film Critics Circle, 1989, for My Left Foot; Academy Award nominations, Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Screenplay, 1993, for In the Name of the Father.
Films as Director and Screenwriter:
My Left Foot (co-sc)
In the Name of the Father (co-sc, + pr)
The Boxer (co-sc, + pr)
Into the West (Newell) (sc)
Some Mother's Son (co-sc, co-pr)
Agnes Brown (Huston) (pr)
Borstal Boy (Peter Sheridan) (exec pr); Catch the Sun (Carney) (pr)
By SHERIDAN: books—
My Left Foot, with Shane Connaughton, London, 1989.
Some Mother's Son: The Screenplay, with Terry George, New York, 1997.
By SHERIDAN: articles—
"The Rage of Innocence," an interview with Steve Grant, in TimeOut (London), 2 February 1994.
"Ohne Gewalt siegen," an interview with Margret Köhler, in Film-Dienst (Cologne), 29 March 1994.
"Getting Past the Violence: An Interview with Jim Sheridan," with Gary Crowdus and O'Mara Leary, in Cineaste (New York), April 1998.
On SHERIDAN: articles—
Mueller, Matt, "Paternal Affairs," in Premiere (New York), December 1993.
Boynton, Graham, "London Burning," in Vanity Fair (New York), January 1994.
Giles, Jeff, "Fathers, Sons, and the IRA," in Newsweek (New York), 31 January 1994.
George, Terry, "Terry George on Jim Sheridan," in New Yorker, 21 March 1994.
Bland, E. L., "In the Name of the Truth," in Time (New York), 21 March 1994.
Grenier, Richard, "In the Name of the IRA," in Commentary (New York), April 1994.
O'Brien, C., "Patriot Games: The Distortions of In the Name of theFather," in New Republic (Washington, D.C.), 9 May 1994.
* * *
The cinema of Jim Sheridan is at once deeply personal, humanistic, and politically committed. His scenarios (taken from real-life as well as fiction) are heartrending, and his characters, all vividly realized, are individuals determined to triumph over seemingly insurmountable obstacles. Sheridan's films are rooted in the culture, history, and politics of his native Ireland and, commercially as well as creatively, he has been at the vanguard of his country's film industry. In 1990, The Field, which he directed and scripted, was the number one box-office champion in Ireland—the initial instance where an Irish film bested all foreign competition.
Perhaps Sheridan's best film to date is his first, My Left Foot, which movingly charts the triumph of an extraordinary individual. At his death in 1981, Christy Brown (played by Daniel Day-Lewis) was one of Ireland's foremost artistic and literary figures. Yet for Brown, it was no small achievement just to master the mundane. He was born with cerebral palsy, and he titled his autobiography My Left Foot because it was with this limb that he painted his pictures and wrote his stories. Sheridan's telling of Brown's life is so effective because he avoids mawkishness: by no means is Brown a cardboard cripple, a stereotypical figure to be pitied or feared. He is a complex character, with the wants, needs, and contradictions of any other man.
Like Sheridan's other heroes, Christy Brown is a man of the working class; his father was a Dublin bricklayer. My Left Foot reflects the importance of the familial bond as, without doubt, the love and support Brown receives from his family are crucial in enabling him to flourish as an artist.
If My Left Foot is the story of a man who transcends his physical limitations, The Field and In the Name of the Father tell of ordinary souls thrust into extraordinary situations. The Field, based on a play by John B. Keane, spotlights the plight of Bull McCabe (Richard Harris), an aging, charismatic peasant who has rented a field and devoted his life to developing it into a top-quality parcel of land. Even though he does not legally own the field, he has nurtured it as one would his own child. Then, he must contend with the news that the wealthy widow who owns the land plans to sell it at auction. The scenario pointedly reflects on Ireland's history and culture: it is set during the 1930s, with the memory of famine lingering in the minds of all the citizenry; and it offers a vivid portrait of traditional Irish village life. Furthermore, a focal point of the story is McCabe's conviction that he has come to own the land. This belief is distilled from Irish tribal laws which, to his mind, transcend contemporary law.
In the Name of the Father, based on Gerry Conlon's autobiographical book Proved Innocent, is an even more straightforward saga of blind injustice. It is the story of Conlon (Daniel Day-Lewis), an unfocused young Belfast man who, along with others (including several of his equally guiltless family members), is arrested by the British authorities and falsely charged with the 1974 terrorist bombing of a London pub. Conlon and three others, who came to be known as the Guildford Four, spent over fifteen years in prison until their convictions were reversed. In the Name of the Father is provocative in its anti-British feel, as Conlon and company clearly are innocents who are railroaded by an unfeeling power structure which is unconcerned with smoking out the true culprits—and which withholds decisive evidence that would have exonerated the accused. The scenario reflects on the Irish-British conflict regarding the plight of Northern Ireland, while focusing on the manner in which the dissension adversely and tragically affects one Irish family. Beyond the politics of In the Name of the Father, the film is motivated by humanistic and familial concern. For years, Conlon shares a jail cell with his father, Giuseppe. Previously, the son had no admiration for his father, but as time passes they become united, resulting in a solid and poignant bond.
Like The Field, In the Name of the Father spotlights the individual's thirst for fairness. Gerry Conlon, like Bull McCabe, is keenly aware that he is a victim of injustice. In both cases, each man stubbornly persists in a single-minded pursuit of truth—just as Christy Brown perseveres in his determination to be viewed as a man without an affliction.
Sheridan's films are uniformly well acted. Daniel Day-Lewis and Brenda Fricker (cast as Christy Brown's ever-supportive mother) won Oscars for their performances in My Left Foot. Richard Harris was nominated for The Field, while Day-Lewis, Pete Postlethwaite (as Giuseppe Conlon), and Emma Thompson (as the lawyer who uncovers the chicanery on the part of the Crown) were cited for In the Name of the Father.
"Sheridan, Jim." International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 25, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/movies/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sheridan-jim
"Sheridan, Jim." International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers. . Retrieved April 25, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/movies/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sheridan-jim
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
Sheridan, Jim 1949–
SHERIDAN, Jim 1949–
Born February 6, 1949, in Dublin, Ireland; emigrated to Canada then New York City, 1981; son of Peter (railroad worker and actor) and Anna Sheridan; married Fran; children: Naomi, Kristen, Tess. Education: Attended the National University of Ireland, University College, Dublin, Ireland, and New York University's Institute of Film and Television.
Addresses: Office— Hell's Kitchen, Inc., 92 Merion Rd., Ballsbridge, Dublin 4, Ireland. Agent— Creative Artists Agency, 9830 Wilshire Blvd., Beverly Hills, CA 90212.
Career: Director, producer, writer, and actor. Hell's Kitchen Productions (a production company), partner, 1989. Project Arts Theatre, Dublin, Ireland, director, 1976–80; New York Irish Arts Center, New York City, artistic director, 1982–87; Children's Theatre Company, Dublin, Ireland, founder; worked at the Lyric Theatre, Belfast, Northern Ireland, the Abbey Theatre, Dublin, Ireland, and the English 7:84 Company; Mr. Pussy's Cafe de Luxe, Dublin, Ireland, cofounder (with singers Bono and Gavin Friday), 1994; previously worked as a cab driver and club manager.
Awards, Honors: Fringe Award, best play, Edinburgh Festival, 1983, for Spike in the First World War; Academy Award nominations, best adapted screenplay (with Shane Connaughton) and best director, Writers Guild of America Screen Award nomination (with Connaughton), best screenplay based on material from another medium, Prize of the Ecumenical Jury—Special Mention, Montreal World Film Festival, 1989, Independent Spirit Award, best foreign film, Film Award nominations, best film (with Noel Pearson) and best adapted screenplay (with Connaughton), British Academy of Film and Television Arts, Audience Award, feature, Angers European First Film Festival, 1990, Guild Film Award—Silver, foreign film, 1991, all for My Left Foot; Academy Award nominations, best director, best picture, and best adapted screenplay (with Terry George), Writers Guild of America Screen Award nomination (with George), best screenplay based on material previously produced or published, 1993, Golden Berlin Bear, Berlin International Film Festival, Film Award nomination (with George), best adapted screenplay, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, 1994, Evening Standard British Film Award, best film, 1995, all for In the Name of the Father; Reader Jury Award, Berlin Morgenpost, Golden Berlin Bear nomination, Golden Globe Award nomination, best director of a motion picture, 1998, Goya Award, best European film, 1999, all for The Boxer.
Director, My Left Foot (also known as My Left Foot: The Story of Christy Brown ), Miramax, 1989.
Director and (with Noel Pearson) producer, The Field, Avenue Pictures, 1990.
Producer and director, In the Name of the Father, Universal, 1993.
Producer, Some Mother's Son, Columbia, 1996.
Producer and director, The Boxer, Universal, 1997.
Producer, Agnes Browne (also known as The Mammy ), October Films, 1999.
Executive producer, Borstal Boy, Strand Releasing, 2000.
Producer, On the Edge, Universal, 2000.
Executive producer, Bloody Sunday, Paramount Classics, 2002.
Director and producer, In America, Twentieth Century–Fox, 2002.
C.P.A.D. leader, The General (also known as I Once Had a Life ), Sony Pictures Classics, 1998.
Director, Shadow of a Gunman, Abbey Theatre, Dublin, Ireland, 1981, then Actors Playhouse, New York Irish Arts Center, New York City, 1984.
Television Appearances; Awards Presentations:
Presenter, The 66th Annual Academy Awards Presentation, ABC, 1994.
(With Shane Connaughton) My Left Foot (also known as My Left Foot: The Story of Christy Brown; based on the writings of Christy Brown), Miramax, 1989.
(With Noel Pearson) The Field (based on a play by J. B. Keane), Avenue Pictures, 1990.
Into the West, Miramax, 1992.
(With Terry George) In the Name of the Father, Universal, 1993.
Some Mother's Son, Columbia, 1996.
The Boxer, Universal, 1997.
In America, Twentieth Century–Fox, 2002.
Mobile Homes, produced at Project Arts Center, Dublin, Ireland, published by Co–Op Books, 1978.
Spike in the First World War, produced 1983.
Also wrote other plays.
International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers, Volume 2: Directors, St. James Press, 1996.
Cineaste, summer, 1998, p. 13.
Entertainment Weekly, March, 1994, p. 100.
New Yorker, March 21, 1994, p. 218.
"Sheridan, Jim 1949–." Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 25, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/sheridan-jim-1949
"Sheridan, Jim 1949–." Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. . Retrieved April 25, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/sheridan-jim-1949