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Lytton, Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl

Lytton, Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl (1831–91). Son of the historical novelist, Lytton was educated at Harrow and privately on the continent. He enjoyed a successful career in the diplomatic service and became attached to the Conservative Party interest. He was also a poet and friend of the Brownings. He was appointed viceroy of India in 1875 by Disraeli and organized the great ‘durbah’ proclaiming Victoria queen-empress in 1877. His administration was principally distinguished for its aggressive external policies which, in 1878, brought about the second Afghan war. His army set off for Kabul. However, a change of government at home saw him recalled and Lord Ripon, his Liberal successor, sued for peace. In 1887 Lytton was appointed ambassador to Paris by Lord Salisbury.

David Anthony Washbrook

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Bulwer-Lytton, Edward Robert, 1st earl of Lytton

Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st earl of Lytton, pseud. Owen Meredith, 1831–91, English diplomat and poet; son of the novelist, Bulwer-Lytton. He was in the diplomatic service from 1850 to 1875, when Disraeli appointed him viceroy of India; for his services in the Afghan wars he was created (1880) an earl. He was ambassador to France from 1887 until his death. His poems, written at first under his pseudonym, include The Wanderer (1858), a collection of lyrics; Lucile (1860) and Glenaveril (1885), long narrative poems; and King Poppy (1892), an epic fantasy. His verse has been criticized for its affectation and prolixity. He also wrote a biography of his father, which appeared in 1883.

See his letters (1937).

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