From 1866 his alterations, extensions, and additions were designed and built at Cardiff Castle, and from 1872 to 1891 the reconstruction and decoration of Castell Coch, Glamorganshire, Wales, were carried out for the 3rd Marquess of Bute (1847–1900). These works are extraordinary for the richness of their polychrome decorations and French Gothic style, although the so-called Arab Hall at Cardiff Castle (1881) has a pronounced Islamic influence. For James McConnochie he designed and built a Gothic house at Park Place, Cardiff (1871–80), and at Melbury Road, Kensington, Burges built his own Tower House (1875–81), a Gothic building of red brick with a circular tower. Decorated and furnished to designs by its architect-owner, it was an instant success, being admired for its medievalism and massive construction. Each room had its own iconography, and symbols and allegories were used throughout. Perhaps partly because of these designs, Burges has a claim to be regarded as a herald of the Arts-and-Crafts movement.
Massive, tough detail is evident in the two churches he built in Yorks.: Christ the Consoler, Skelton-on-Ure (1870–6), and St Mary, Aldford-cum-Studley (1870–8). Skelton marked a move from French to English Gothic Revival of c.1270, but the French elements are still present, notably in the details of the spire and in the balcony of the organ-loft: the richly beautiful chancel is one of the most remarkable of the C19. At Studley, French and English sources again mix, and the piers are derived from English medieval precedents, but the whole is marvellously rich and integrated, with a complicated iconography concerning Paradise Lost and Regained. Burges's ecclesiastical master-work, it is probably the most perfect of his Muscular Gothic buildings, freely and imaginatively treated, yet backed by genuine scholarship. His designs for Trinity College, Hartford, CT (1873–82), were only partly realized, and then in watered-down form. However, his work influenced the executant architect for Trinity College, his American pupil Francis Hatch Kimball (1845–1919), and may also have impressed itself upon H. H. Richardson.
J. Curl (2002b);
Jane Turner (1996)
"Burges, William." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/burges-william
"Burges, William." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved April 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/burges-william
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William Burges (bûr´jĬz), 1827–81, English architect. An ardent proponent of Victorian medievalism, he was prominent in the Gothic revival. Burges is known for his designs for Cork Cathedral (1862) and Trinity College, Hartford, Conn., and for the rebuilding of Cardiff Castle (1865).
"Burges, William." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/burges-william
"Burges, William." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/burges-william