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Costa, Lúcio

Costa, Lúcio (1902–98). One of Brazil's most influential architects and planners. Born in France, he settled in Brazil, and was influenced by Gregori Warchavchik, with whom he worked for a time. He was in the vanguard of International Modernism in Brazil, and headed a team of young architects (all disciples of Le Corbusier) designing the building for the Ministry of Education and Health in Rio de Janeiro (1936–43), for which Le Cor-busier was consultant architect and Burle Marx was landscape-architect. Costa and Niemeyer designed the Brazilian Pavilion at the World's Fair, NYC (1939), and he himself was responsible for the Eduardo Guinle apart-ment-block in Rio (1948–54) and the Brazilian Pavilion at the Cité Universitaire, Paris (1955). In 1956–7 the imagination of the world was captured by his plan for the new capital, Brasília, and construction moved rapidly ahead. The plan is formal, in the shape of a bow and arrow, and it encapsulates many of the principles laid down by CIAM in the Athens Charter: it has not lived up to its expectations.

Bibliography

Bullrich (1969);
L. Costa (1962);
Gazeneo & and Scarone (1959);
Guimaraens (1996)

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Burle Marx, Roberto

Burle Marx, Roberto (1909–94). Born São Paulo, Brazil, he studied botany at Dahlem, Berlin (1928), and became Director of Parks at Recife, Brazil, from 1934. In 1937 he set up his own practice as a landscape-architect. As a champion of Brazilian flora, he used native species in his designs, composing his palettes of colour with scientific care. He collaborated with Niemeyer and others in the designs of the gardens of the Ministry of Education and Health, Rio de Janeiro (1938), and with Niemeyer and Lúcio Costa at Brasília. His bayfront at Glória-Flamengo Park (1961) and the designs for the pavements along Copacabana Beach (1970), both in Rio de Janeiro, demonstrate his use of Brazilian stone and rocks with native plants. His deep interest in ecology is perhaps best demonstrated in his own gardens at Guaratiba, near Rio, but his most celebrated creation is the Odette Monteiro garden, Correas, Rio de Janeiro (1947–8).

Bibliography

Adams (1991);
Bardi (1964);
Kalman (1994);
Eliovson (1991);
Jane Turner (1996);
W&S (1994)

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Costa, Lúcio

Lúcio Costa (lōō´syŏŏ kô´stə), 1902–98, As the principal designer of the city of Brasília (1957), Costa is known for his use of reinforced concrete in designs that combine traditional and modern forms. In Rio de Janeiro, the block of apartments in Guinle Park (1948–54) typifies his streamlined work. The Ministry of Education and Health (1937–42) exhibits his understanding of the effect of climatic considerations on architectural design.

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