Lucius II, Pope

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Pontifcate: March 12, 1144 to Feb. 15, 1145; b. Gerard Caccianemici, Bologna, date unknown. Having been a canon of St. John Lateran, he was named cardinal priest by Honorius II in 1124. As legate to Germany (112526) he was present at lothair iii's election and suggested the nomination of (St.) norbert as bishop of Magdeburg. innocent ii, whom he vigorously supported and whom he also served as legate to Germany, appointed him chancellor. No details of his election are known. Lucius acknowledged the homage, but not the royal title, of Alfonso Henriquez of Portugal. An armistice of seven years temporarily stabilized papal relations with Roger II of Sicily; Roger retained Capua, but promised to refrain from attacking Benevento or other papal lands. Meanwhile, in Rome the senate reconstituted itself under the leadership of Jordan pierleoni, brother of the former antipope, Anacletus. Since the new Emperor, conrad iii, was unable to respond to his pleas for assistance, Lucius personally took charge of an assault on the capital. The pope died during this operation, presumably as a consequence of a wound from a stone. Lucius founded monasteries in Germany and Italy and was especially favorable to the premonstratensians. He held a synod in Rome in May 1144.

Bibliography: Patrologia Latina, ed. j. p. migne (Paris 197890) 179:819938. Pontificum romanorum vitae, ed. j. m. watterich, 2 v. (Leipzig 1862) 2:278281. Liber pontificalis, ed. l. duchesne (Paris 1958) 2:385386. p. jaffÉ, Regesta pontificum romanorum ab condita ecclesia ad annum post Christum natum 1198, ed. s. lÖwenfeld (2d ed. Leipzig 188188; repr. Graz 1956) 2:719. h. k. mann, The Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages from 590 to 1304 (London 190232) 9:113126. p. brezzi, Roma e l'Impero medioevale 7741252 (Bologna 1947). f. x. seppelt, Geschichte der Päpste von den Anfängen bis zur Mitte des 20. Jh. (Munich 1956) 3:187, 604607. g. despy, "Les cathares dans le diocèse de Liège au XIIe siècle. À propos de l' 'Epistola Leodiensis' au pap L (?)," Christianisme d'hier et d'aujourd'hui. Hommage à Jean Préaux (1979) 6575. g. m. fachetti, Ripalta Sicca. Rivolta d'Adda dall'origine all'anno 1300 alla luce delle nuove importanti scoperte (Rivolta d'Adda 1996). e. sauser, Biograhisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon 5 (Herzberg 1993). g. schwaiger, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche (3d ed. Freiburg 1997). f. r. swietek, "A Savigniac Forgery Recovered: Lucius II's Bull 'Habitantes in domo' of Dec. 5, 1144," Studisorum speculum: Studies in Honor of Louis J. Lekai, Ocist (Kalamazoo, MI 1993). f. r. swietek and t. m. deneen, "Pope Lucius II and Savigny," Analecta Cisterciensia 39 (Rome 1983) 325. j. n. d. kelly, Oxford Dictionary of Popes (New York 1986) 171172.

[m. w. baldwin]