Haviland (1830, 1830a);
Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, xxiii/2 (May 1964), 101–5, xxv/3 (Sept.1966), 197–208, xxvi/4 (Dec.1967), 307–9;
Tatman & and Moss (1985);
Teeters & and Shearer (1957);
Whiffen & and Koeper (1983)
"Haviland, John." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 24, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/haviland-john
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John Haviland (hăv´Ĭlənd), 1792–1852, American architect, b. Philadelphia. Haviland was noted as a pioneer in prison architecture. His design for the Pennsylvania Eastern State Penitentiary was imitated internationally and heralded prison reform in the 19th cent. Haviland's prisons were characterized by light, airy cells occupied by a single inmate; his designs were soon outmoded by the rise of prison populations.
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