(1866–1924). Illinois-born American architect, much influenced by his elder brother, Francis Henry Bacon (1856–1940), architect, who had been involved in archaeological expeditions in Asia Minor
in the 1880s. In 1889 Henry Bacon
himself travelled in Greece
and Asia Minor
, before returning to the prestigious firm of McKim, Mead, & White
, where he contributed to the designs of RI State House (1891–1903), the World's Columbian Exposition and the Brooklyn Museum (both 1893), and the J. P. Morgan Library (1902–6). In 1897 he set up his own practice, producing buildings of scholarly refinement and exquisite detail, including a large number of monuments and mausolea
. His expertise in this field led to the commission to design the Lincoln Memorial
in Washington, DC (1911–22), which terminates the axis of the Mall at the Potomac River: it is one of the finest examples of Neo-Classical Greek Revival
architecture in the world.
V. J. Scully (1988)
Henry Bacon, 1866–1924, American architect, b. Watseka, Ill. He began his professional career with the firm of McKim, Mead, and White, but after 1903 he practiced independently. Among the important structures designed by him are the Lincoln Memorial at Washington, D.C. (completed 1917), and the World War Memorial at Yale Univ.