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Henríquez, Enrique

HENRÍQUEZ, ENRIQUE

Jesuit theologian; b. Oporto, Portugal, 1536; d. Tivoli, Jan. 28, 1608. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1552 and early distinguished himself for his learning and ability. He taught philosophy and theology at Córdoba and then at Salamanca, where two of his students were Francisco suÁrez and gregory of valencia. His Theologiae moralis summa (3 v. Salamanca 159193) occasioned serious difficulties with his order. He had earlier taken a leading role in intrigues against the general of the society, Claudius acquaviva, and in 1593 he refused to accept the changes demanded by the Jesuit censors and ordered by Acquaviva. Henríquez also attacked Suárez, denouncing him without success to the Inquisition at Madrid and at various other places. In 1594 he obtained permission from the pope to leave the Jesuits and enter the Dominicans, whose position on Molina he favored. However, with the persuasion of Gregory of Valencia, he chose to be reinstated with the Jesuits. Henríquez's other major work, De pontificis romani clave (Salamanca 1593), was condemned by the Spanish nuncio because of theses concerning ecclesiastical immunities, and was placed on the Index by decree of Aug. 7, 1603, which was later rescinded. Since the book was burned by command of the nuncio, only three or four copies remain as rarities of the Escorial. As a moralist, Henríquez was held in high esteem by St. Alphonsus Liguori.

Bibliography: c. sommervogel et al., Bibliothèque de la Compagnie de Jésus, 11 v. (Brussels-Paris 18901932; v.12, suppl.1960) 4:275276. h. hurter, Nomenclator literarius theologiae catholicae, 5 v. in 6 (3d ed. Innsbruck 190313) 3:591592. a. astrain, Historia de la Compañia de Jesús, 7 v. (Madrid 190225) 3:360362; 4:132134. p. berard, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, ed. a. vacant et al., 15 v. (Paris 190350; Tables Générales 1951) 6.2: 219798.

[f. c. lehner]

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