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Fontana, Carlo

Fontana, Carlo (1638–1714). Italian Baroque architect. Born near Como, he lived in Rome from the early 1650s, and assisted Cortona, Rainaldi, and Bernini. For the last he worked on the design of the Piazza di San Pietro, the Scala Regia, and other projects, and was to succeed the master as architect of St Peter's in 1697. Fontana was a prolific architect, and his fame was based on the series of works starting in 1671: the Cappella Ginetti, Sant'Andrea della Valle, has a rich interior of coloured marble, and there were other chapels, but the Cappella Cibo, Santa Maria del Pòpolo (1682–4), is perhaps the finest of them. At the same time he built the concave façade of San Mar-cello al Corso. His remodelling of the Baptismal Chapel in St Peter's (1692–8) involved ingenious high-level lighting. He transformed and enlarged the Palazzo di Montecitorio (1694–6), left unfinished by Bernini, made additions to the Ospizio di San Michele (1700–11), and remodelled the façade and porch of Santa Maria in Trastévere (1702). Fontana also published books on St Peter's (1694), the Baptismal Chapel (1697), and other subjects. As the leading architect in Rome towards the end of his long life, he was highly influential, not least because he taught men of genius who carried his ideas far and wide: those pupils numbered among them Fischer von Erlach, Hildebrandt, and Gibbs.

Bibliography

Builder & and Hamilton (1977);
Norberg-Schulz (1986, 1986a);
Wittkower (1982)

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Fontana, Carlo

Carlo Fontana (kär´lō fōntä´nä), 1634–1714, Italian architect. During his early years he worked for three of the most important architects of the high baroque period—Rainaldi, Cortona, and Bernini. His works include various palaces, fountains, tombs, and the Church of San Marcello al Corso (1682–83) in Rome and plans for the Jesuit church and college in Loyola, Spain. His accomplished academic style influenced important architects, such as James Gibbs, Filippo Juvarra, and the German baroque architects. He published his projects for the completion of St. Peter's, along with an erudite history of its origins, in Templum Vaticanum (1694).

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