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R

R1 / är/ (also r) • n. (pl. Rsor R's) the eighteenth letter of the alphabet. ∎  denoting the next after Q in a set of items, categories, etc. PHRASES: the R months the months with R in their names (September to April), considered to be the season for eating oysters. the three Rs reading, writing, and arithmetic, regarded as the fundamentals of learning. R2 • abbr. ∎  rand: a farm worth nearly R1,3-million. ∎  Réaumur: 198.6 °R. ∎  Regina or Rex: Elizabeth R. ∎  (also ®) registered as a trademark. ∎  (in the U.S.) Republican: congressman Henry Hyde (R-Illinois). ∎  restricted, a rating in the Voluntary Movie Rating System that children under 17 require an accompanying parent or adult guardian for admission. ∎  (on a gearshift) reverse. ∎  (R.) River (chiefly on maps): R. Cherwell. ∎  roentgen(s). ∎  rook (in recording moves in chess): 21.Rh4. • symb. ∎  Chem. an unspecified alkyl or other organic radical or group. ∎  electrical resistance. ∎  Chem. the gas constant.

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Ammons, A. R.

A. R. Ammons: (Archie Randolph Ammons), 1926–2001, American poet, b. Whiteville, N.C., grad. Wake Forest College (1949). He began writing poetry while serving in the Navy during World War II, and, after working as a school principal and sales executive, he taught creative writing (1964–71) at Cornell. His second book of poetry, Expressions of Sea Level (1964), established him as a major American poet and exhibited his characteristic tone and themes: conversational free verse that frequently deals with the interrelationship of human beings and nature in a modern echo of transcendentalism. His other books of poetry include Tape for the Turn of the Year (1965), Collected Poems 1951–1971 (1972, National Book Award), Sphere (1974, Bollingen Prize), Garbage (1993, National Book Award), Glare (1996), and the posthumously published Bosh and Flapdoodle (2005).

See Z. Burr, ed., Set in Motion: Essays, Interviews, and Dialogues/A. R. Ammons (1996); studies by A. Holder (1978), H. Bloom, ed. (1986), R. Kirschten, ed. (1997), S. P. Schneider, ed. (1999), and D. Burak and R. Gilbert, ed. (2005).

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