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Knowles, James Thomas, sen

Knowles, James Thomas, sen. (1806–84). English architect. He designed a great number of competently composed houses, including the handsome Italianate palazzo at 15 Kensington Palace Gardens, London (1854). Together with his son, (Sir) James Thomas Knowles (1831–1908), he was responsible for the Grosvenor Hotel, Victoria Station, London (1860–2). Knowles jun. laid out the Cedars Estate, Clapham, London (1860), the Park Town Estate, Battersea, London (1863–6), and other developments. He also edited the Contemporary Review and founded The Nineteenth Century.

Bibliography

Dixon & and Muthesius (1985);
Metcalf (1978, 1980);
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004);
Sheppard (ed.) (1973)

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Heflin, James Thomas

James Thomas Heflin, 1869–1951, U.S. politician, b. Randolph co., Ala. He was admitted (1893) to the bar and in 1920 entered the U.S. Senate where he was known at first as "Cotton Tom" because of his championing of the Southern farmer. He later became a vigorous anti-Roman Catholic crusader and supporter of white supremacy, famous for his theatrical oratory and distinctive dress. His opposition to the presidential campaign of Alfred E. Smith in 1928 promoted Heflin's defeat for reelection in 1930, and he was subsequently unsuccessful in regaining office.

See A. A. Michie and F. Ryhlick, Dixie Demagogues (1939).

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Bowman, James (Thomas)

Bowman, James (Thomas) (b Oxford, 1941). Eng. countertenor. Début London 1967 as Oberon in A Midsummer Night's Dream, a role he made his own. His perf. led Britten to comp. the Voice of Apollo in Death in Venice for him (Aldeburgh 1973). CG début 1972. Has sung with EOG, Early Music Consort, Glyndebourne, ENO, Scottish Opera, etc. and many of the castrato roles in Handel operas. CBE 1997.

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Bowman, James (Thomas)

Bowman, James (Thomas)

Bowman, James (Thomas), notable English countertenor; b. Oxford, Nov. 6, 1941. He was educated at New Coll., Oxford (Dip.Ed., 1964; M.A. in history, 1967) and received vocal instruction in London from De Rentz and Manen. In 1967 he made his operatic debut as Britten’s Oberon at Aldeburgh with the English Opera Group. From 1967 he sang with the group regularly in London, and also was a member of the Early Music Consort (1967–76). In 1970 he appeared in Semele at the Sadler’s Wells Opera there, and continued to sing there after it became the English National Opera in 1974. He sang Endymion in La Calisto at the Glyndebourne Festival in 1970, and sang there regularly until 1974. On July 12, 1972, he created the role of the Priest in Maxwell Davies’s Taverner at London’s Covent Garden. Britten then wrote the role of Apollo for him in Death in Venice (Aldeburgh, June 16, 1973). On July 7, 1977, he created the role of Astron in Tippett’s The Ice Break at Covent Garden. In 1979 he appeared at the Opéra-Comique in Paris and in 1983 he sang in Geneva. He was engaged as Jommelli’s Fetonte at Milan’s La Scala in 1988. In 1992 he portrayed Britten’s Oberon at the Aix-en-Provence Festival. In 1996 he sang Daniel in Handel’s Belshazzar at the Gòttingen Festival. He was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1997.

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

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