James of Viterbo, Bl.
JAMES OF VITERBO, BL.
Italian Augustinian theologian, known by the scholastic titles of Doctor gratiosus, Doctor inventivus, and Doctor speculativus; b. Viterbo, c. 1255; d. Naples, 1308. A member of the Capocci family, he joined the Hermits of St. Augustine when he was very young (c. 1270), and he acquired the elements of learning at the order's house in Viterbo. From 1275 to 1282 he studied philosophy and theology in Paris. After a few years in Italy, where he had various administrative responsibilities, he was again sent to Paris, this time to enroll in the university and to succeed giles of rome, the order's first master in theology. In May 1288 James had the title of bachelor. In April 1293 he became a master and succeeded Giles as regent master from 1293 to 1300. During his first years of teaching he held quodlibetal discussions and many quaestiones disputatae, notably 32 De praedicamentis in divinis; seven De verbo; 50 De Spiritu Sancto; De animatione caelorum; and De angelorum compositione. Directed by the general chapter of Siena in 1295 to devote himself especially to the study of Sacred Scripture, he composed commentaries on Matthew, Luke, and Paul that are now lost. Returning to Italy as definitor to the general chapter of Naples in 1300, he was put in charge of the studium generale founded in that city. Between March and September 1302, he composed and dedicated to the pope the earliest known treatise on the Church, De regimine Christiano. On Sept. 3, 1302, boniface viii created him bishop of Benevento; and on Dec. 12, 1303, he appointed him archbishop of Naples. At the height of the struggle between Boniface VIII and philip iv, King of France, James strongly defended the rights of the Holy See, keeping always on a theological level. As archbishop he was actively engaged in the reconstruction of his cathedral. He was beatified on June 4, 1914.
Bibliography: p. glorieux, Répertoire des maîtres en théologie de Paris au XIII siècle (Paris 1933–34) 2:309–312. d. gutiÉrrez, "De B. Jacobi Viterbiensis vita, operibus et doctrina theologica," Analecta Augustiniana (Rome 1939). p. glorieux, La Littérature quodlibétique (Kain 1925) 1:214–217. t. osborne, "James of Viterbo's Rejection of Giles of Rome's Arguments for the Natural Love of God over Self," Augustiniana 49 (1999) 235–249. m. gossiaux, "James of Viterbo on the Relationship between Essence and Existence," Augustiniana 49 (1999) 73–107. e. ypma, ed. "Jac. De Viterbo, Quaestiones de divinis praedicamentis," Augustiniana 46 (1996) 339–369, 48 (1998) 131–163, 49 (1999) 323–366.
"James of Viterbo, Bl.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/james-viterbo-bl
"James of Viterbo, Bl.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved September 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/james-viterbo-bl
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.