Davis, Benjamin O., Sr.
In 1930, Davis became the first black colonel. One week before the 1940 presidential election, President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Davis a brigadier general, the army's first black general. In World War II, Davis headed a special section of the Inspector General's Department dealing with racial issues involving U.S. troops. During the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944, he convinced Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower to accept the integration of black platoons into white units, a temporary breakthrough in the army's traditional segregation by regiment.
Davis retired in 1948 after fifty years of service. His son, Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., became America's first black lieutenant general. In 1998, the 85‐year‐old retired general was awarded a fourth star by President Bill Clinton.
[See also African Americans in the Military.]
Bernard C. Nalty , Strength for the Fight: A History of Black Americans in the Military, 1986.
Marvin E. Fletcher , America's First Black General: Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., 1880–1970, 1989.
Clement Alexander Price
"Davis, Benjamin O., Sr.." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 27, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/davis-benjamin-o-sr
"Davis, Benjamin O., Sr.." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved May 27, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/davis-benjamin-o-sr
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
Davis, Benjamin Oliver
Benjamin Oliver Davis, 1877–1970, American general, b. Washington, D.C. After studying (1897–98) at Howard Univ., Davis served as a lieutenant in the Spanish-American War and in 1899 enlisted in the regular army as a private. He subsequently rose through years of service to become (1940) the first African-American general in the U.S. army. After the World War II he served as assistant inspector general. He retired in 1948.
See M. Fletcher, America's First Black General (1989).
"Davis, Benjamin Oliver." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 27, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/davis-benjamin-oliver
"Davis, Benjamin Oliver." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved May 27, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/davis-benjamin-oliver