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Keyser, Hendrick Cornelis de

Keyser, Hendrick Cornelis de (1565–1621). One of two important early C17 architects working in The Netherlands, the other being Lieven de Key. De Keyser was appointed Municipal Mason and Sculptor (effectively City Architect) to Amsterdam in 1594, where he built the Zuiderkerk (1606–14) and the Westerkerk (1620–31), both models for Protestant churches in The Netherlands and Northern Germany, partly through their publication in Architectura Moderna (1631) by Salomon de Bray (1597–1664). Both have handsome steeples that may have had some influence, disseminated through the publication, on Wren's designs for the London City churches. At the Westerkerk, built on a Greek-cross plan, his style reached maturity, moving away from Dutch Mannerism towards the Classicism of van Campen. His most important secular work was the handsome Town Hall in Delft (1618–20), and he invented a type of gable for Amsterdam houses (e.g. on the Herengracht) that was less busy and more Classical than earlier examples. His son-in-law and pupil was Nicholas Stone, with whom de Keyser's son, Willem (1603–78), worked when living in London.

Bibliography

Lewis & and Darley (1934);
Rosenberg, Slive, & and Ter Kuile (1977);
van Vynckt (ed.) (1993)

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Schouten, Willem Cornelis

Willem Cornelis Schouten (vĬl´əm kôrnā´lĬs skhou´tən), 1567?–1625, Dutch navigator. In 1615 he sailed from Texel island, Holland, in command of an expedition whose objective was to evade the trade restrictions of the Dutch East India Company by finding a new route to the Pacific. Avoiding the Strait of Magellan, in 1616 he rounded Cape Horn, which he named for his birthplace, Hoorn. He followed the north coasts of New Ireland and New Guinea and visited adjacent islands, including what became known as the Schouten Islands. Although he had opened an unknown route, the East India Company claimed infringement of its monopoly, arrested Schouten (who was later released) and confiscated his ship in Java.

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