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Lin Biao

Lin Biao or Lin Piao (both: lĬn byou), 1908–71, Chinese Communist general and political leader. Lin was trained at Whampoa Academy, and during the Northern Expedition he rose to company commander in the Kuomintang army. After the Kuomintang-Communist split in 1927, he became one of Zhu De's leading military aides. His skill as a tactician earned him the command of a Red Army corps, and after the long march, he headed the Red Academy at Yan'an. In 1947–48 he commanded the Communist military offensive in the northeast against Chiang Kai-shek. Lin was appointed defense minister of the people's republic in 1959. In 1966 he displaced Liu Shaoqi as the second-ranking member of the Chinese Communist party, a position that made him Mao Zedong's heir apparent. A supporter of the Cultural Revolution (1966–76), Lin mysteriously died in an airplane crash in Mongolia (1971). His death, however, was not officially disclosed until 1972, when the Chinese press also reported on his alleged attempt to overthrow the government shortly before the crash.

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Lin Biao

Lin Biao (1907–71) Chinese communist general and political leader. He defeated Chiang Kai-shek in Manchuria (1948), thus helping to secure the victory of the communists in 1949. Lin was a leader of the Cultural Revolution (1966–69), and compiled the book of quotations from Mao Zedong known as the Little Red Book. He was designated Mao's heir in 1969 but, after disagreements with Mao, was said to have died in an accident while fleeing to the Soviet Union.

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