Margaret Tudor

All Sources -
Updated Media sources (1) About content Print Topic Share Topic
views updated

Margaret Tudor, 1489–1541, queen consort of James IV of Scotland; daughter of Henry VII of England and sister of Henry VIII. Her marriage (1503) to James was accompanied by a treaty of "perpetual peace" between Scotland and England, a peace that was ended when James invaded England in 1513 and was killed at Flodden. Margaret then became regent for her infant son, James V, but her marriage (1514) to Archibald Douglas, 6th earl of Angus, led to the loss of the regency to John Stuart, duke of Albany. Albany soon obtained custody of the king, and Margaret fled to England. She returned in 1517, during Albany's absence, and shortly thereafter she became estranged from Angus. Her favor alternated between the French party of the Hamiltons (Arran) and the English party of the Douglas's (Angus). James was proclaimed king in 1524 but was for several years virtually a prisoner of Angus. In 1527, Margaret obtained a divorce from Angus and soon married Henry Stuart, later Lord Methven. James, upon his escape from Angus (1528), joined his mother and Methven, and they were for a time his chief advisers. A plan of Margaret's for a meeting between Henry VIII and her son led James to accuse her of betrayal (1534). They were further estranged by James's refusal to allow her to divorce Methven. Margaret's descendants by James IV and by Angus were united by the marriage of Lord Darnley and Mary Queen of Scots, whose son became James I of England (James VI of Scotland.)

See M. Glenne, King Harry's Sister, Margaret Tudor (1953); A. Plowden, The House of Tudor (1982).

views updated

Margaret Tudor (1489–1541), queen of James IV of Scotland. Elder daughter of Henry VII of England, Margaret was married to James at Holyrood on 8 August 1503, and bore her husband six children—four sons and two daughters—of whom only one, Prince James ( James V), born in April 1512, survived. Perhaps significantly, Margaret's second son was christened Arthur, recalling the recently deceased heir to the English throne, Prince Arthur, and reflecting the Scottish king's claim to Henry VIII's throne if the Tudor line should fail.

After James IV's death at Flodden (1513), Margaret threw her energies into politics during the magnate struggles of her son's minority (1513–28). She married Archibald Douglas, earl of Angus (1514), but divorced him in 1526 to marry Henry Stewart, Lord Methven. She took a prominent part in James V's coup of June 1528, and died at Methven (1541).

Norman Macdougall