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Douglas, Archibald, 6th earl of Angus

Archibald Douglas, 6th earl of Angus, 1489–1557, Scottish nobleman; grandson of Archibald Douglas, 5th earl of Douglas. His marriage (1514) to Margaret Tudor alienated the Scottish noblemen and caused Margaret to lose the regency to John Stuart, duke of Albany. A struggle for control of the young James V ensued between Angus and Albany, with James's mother, Margaret, favoring first her husband, then Albany. In 1526, Angus seized the young king and held him until James escaped in 1528. Margaret had meanwhile (1527) divorced Angus, and, deprived of his lands because of his alliance with Henry VIII, he left for England. After King James's death in 1542, Angus returned to Scotland, was restored to power, and was soon fighting against England. But he continued to correspond with Henry and to contest the power both of the regent James Hamilton, earl of Arran, and his successor, the dowager queen, Mary of Guise.

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Angus, Archibald Douglas, 6th earl of

Angus, Archibald Douglas, 6th earl of [S] (c.1490–1557). Douglas's father was killed at Flodden and he inherited the earldom from his grandfather in 1513. Later that year he married Margaret, queen dowager of Scotland. The daughter of the marriage became countess of Lennox and was mother of Lord Darnley, briefly king of Scotland. Angus was a member of the Council of Regency for James V 1517–21 and 1523–6 and chancellor in 1527. On bad terms with the young king and divorced by his wife, he was in exile in England from 1528 to 1542. He returned to Scotland in 1542 after the death of James, abandoned the English connection, and fought with some distinction at Ancrum and Pinkie. His great-nephew, the 8th earl, was active in the Ruthven raid of 1582.

J. A. Cannon

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Angus, earls of

earls of Angus: For Scottish nobles thus titled, use Douglas, Archibald.

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