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Minto, Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 1st Earl

Minto, Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 1st Earl (1751–1814). Minto was educated in Paris under the supervision of David Hume and at Oxford. He was called to the bar in 1774 and entered Parliament in 1776 in the Whig interest. He was a close friend of Edmund Burke and assisted him in the impeachment proceedings against Warren Hastings. He was appointed governor of Corsica in 1794, envoy to the court of Vienna from 1799 to 1801, and president of the Board of Control for East India Affairs in 1805. In 1806 he became governor-general of India. His period in office saw the consolidation of British power in the subcontinent and, in prosecution of the Napoleonic wars, the extension of influence into south-east Asia. He dealt with the threat of Ranjit Singh's Sikh kingdom and captured Java and the Moluccas from the Dutch—although the latter were subsequently returned. He retired in 1813.

David Anthony Washbrook

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Minto, Gilbert John Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th earl of

Gilbert John Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound Minto, 4th earl of (kĬnĬn´mənd), 1845–1914, British colonial administrator. He entered the army in 1867, eventually becoming (1884) military secretary to Lord Lansdowne, governor-general of Canada. As a popular governor-general himself (1898–1904) Minto maintained cordial relations with the Canadian prime minister, Sir Wilfrid Laurier. He then served (1905–10) as viceroy of India. He worked with John Morley to produce the Morley-Minto reforms (1909), which increased native membership on the advisory legislative councils of the viceroy and began India's advance to self-rule.

See study by S. R. Wasti (1964).

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